2018 Pledge to Amend Candidate Responses

All candidates in each race listed were given the questions with the same amount of time to respond. If responses from some candidates are not below, it means that they chose not to respond to our questionnaire. We will continue to accept and post responses up to the day of the election.

If you are a candidate and would like to submit a response, or if you would like to encourage candidates missing from below to respond, please use this link. We will update this page with new responses every few days.

If you have corrections to the information below, please write to Saleem Chapman at saleem [at] movetoamend.org (subject: Pledge%20to%20Amend)  (link sends e-mail). If you have questions about Move to Amend's Pledge to Amend campaign, please call our office at 916-318-8040.

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ARIZONA

Arizona: US Senate

Deedra Abboud (3/12/18): 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I have signed Candidates With A Contract, pledging to not only refuse Corporate, Special Interest, and PAC money but also to make my #1 priority dismantling Citizen's United. If you're not a living, breathing human being, you cannot donate to me. We can Move to Amend with a Constitutional Amendment and/or pass legislation that limits Corporate political donations (as human donations to campaigns are limited) and requires public disclosure of all political donations (as human donations are required to be disclosed)."


Arizona: US House of Representatives, District 2

Bruce Wheeler (7/27/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will sponsor, co-sponsor and speak out in support of repealing Citizens United and all other forms permitting unlimited and unaccountable amounts of money in political campaigns. This corrupting influence is a danger to our very democracy and must be stopped."


Arizona: State House, District 4

Sara Mae Williams (9/21/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I accept zero corporate dollars and will refuse to uplift corporate interests."


Arizona: Governor

Angel Torres (11/5/16, 3/2/18) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will support legislation that abolishes corporate person-hood and legislation that money does not equal freedom of speech. I support legislation that elections should be publicly funded, with limitations on how much money should be spent on elections."


CALIFORNIA

California: US House of Representatives, District 1

Jessica Holcombe (5/1/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


California: US House of Representatives, District 1

Audrey Denney (5/2/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


California: US House of Representatives, District 1

Lewis Elbinger (2/11/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"As a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, I will coordinate and collaborate with other legislators who share the goal of establishing a fair, functioning democracy.

I fully support the Move to Amend Movement to institute sanity, balance and equity in our political process.
I would co-sponsor HJR 48 if I was serving in the U.S. Congress now.
Really, folks, this is a no-brainer."


California: US House o​f Representatives, District 4

Robert Lawton (3/14/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I enthusiastically endorse HJR48 & will do everything in my power if elected to help insure its passage."


California: US House o​f Representatives, District 5

Jason Kishineff (3/27/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"We will pass a constitutional amendment that eliminates corporate personhood, and then we will pass publicly funded elections, along with a host of other election reforms, such as placing tight restrictions on voter purges, paper ballots or paper trails and automatic registration."


California: US House of Representatives, District 5

Nils Palsson (2/6/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will sponsor and vocally advocate for the We the People Amendment in Congress and place political pressure on my colleagues to join the movement to get money out of politics! Moreover, I will use my media access to champion this cause, bring it into the spotlight of popular consciousness, and win this legislative victory for the people and future generations! I signed the Pledge to Amend in 2016 and I’m honored to do it again now! I proudly support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."


California: US House o​f Representatives, District 13

Laura Wells (5/22/18, 7/26/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Green Party candidates automatically help end big money in politics because we never take corporate money. This campaign commitment is spreading around the country. This year three no-corporate-money Green Congressional candidates won in California's Top Two primary, and we're running head-to-head with incumbent Democrats. I will take every opportunity to point out that, more than mere TALK about stopping corporate "personhood" and influence, we need strong ACTION. We need to refuse corporate money in our campaigns and in our political parties, and push for the passage of HJR 48. As a Green, I will take those actions."


California: US House o​f Representatives, District 22

Andrew Janz (8/28/18) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


California: US House of Representatives, District 29

Angelica Duenas (2/10/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"In our first 100 days in office we intend to propose a bill Amending the Constitution to End Citizens United."


California: US House of Representatives, District 33

Emory Rodgers (6/1/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will support this amendment, however I am also currently writing a constitutional human rights amendment that will include a definition of what constitutes a legal person, as one of organic origin. Doing this will reverse all existing laws and or court ruling that allow corporations to slip by the law and create a stranglehold on our government. Which creates instinctive for all levels of corruption at all levels of government!"


California: US House of Representatives, District 43

Miguel Zuñiga (2/11/18, 5/17/18) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Repealing Citizens United. Pushing for publicly funded campaigns."


California: US House of Representatives, District 45

Kia Hamadanchy (5/11/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I believe campaign finance reform is needed to promote a truly democratic political system in which everyone’s voice is heard. Government is supposed to be of the people, by the people, and for the people. Unfortunately, our political system has been hijacked by those who advocate for policies that serve their own gains, rather than the public good.

Corporations and lobbyists should not have a greater say in our political process than everyday working families. We must work to return power to the people and increase the voice of individual citizens.

I support:
- A constitutional amendment overturning Citizens United and allowing Congress to set reasonable regulations on political donations.
- Requiring all “dark money” groups to disclose both their donors and their spending when engaged in activity meant to influence a federal election.
- Requiring all publicly traded companies to disclose their campaign spending to the Securities and Exchange Commission.
- Reforming the Federal Election Commission so that it is empowered to actually enforce our campaign finance laws.
- Establishing a small donor public matching system for all federal elections.
- Strengthening the rules that prohibit coordination between candidates and Super PACs."


California: US House of Representatives, District 50

Ammar Campa-Najjar (9/27/18) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will work with Elizabeth Warren on an Anti-Corruption bill that help rid of dark money in politics and makes it easier to see how money flows from PACs to candidates. Additionally, I am not taking any corporate PAC money as I run this race."


California: State Senate, District 4

Phillip Kim (3/7/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will support California legislative efforts to curb corporate big money in politics. I will support a system of public financing of campaigns (clean money) and explore other legislative means of curbing the undue influence of money in politics."


California: State Senate, District 6

Eric Frame (2/12/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"My candidacy is corporate-free. Being that the Eric Frame Campaign is corporate free and publicly funded our victory shows others that it is possible to run and win without being beholden to special interests or corporate money. I happy to work with representatives of Move to Amend to write legislation that will help reduce the corporate stranglehold on 'our representatives.'"


California: State House, District 8

Lawrence Ray Murray (8/20/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

“response”


California: State House, District 15

Jovanka Beckles (5/11/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


California: State House, District 42

Carol Bouldin (2/11/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"As California has already passed a resolution to urge the U. S. Congress to pass a constitutional amendment to end corporate constitutional rights but many municipalities have not. I intend to continue to educate people--voters and lawmakers--about this issue and how it is crucial that we pass a constitutional amendment to end corporate so-called "personhood" and money as protected "speech." I intend to use a public platform to let people know how this issue is central to the pay-to-play political system we currently have and how corporations have abused the Bill of Rights to claim rights meant for natural persons only, thus subverting our democracy for their own profit."


California: State House, District 76

Elizabeth Warren (4/27/18) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I have already taken the "No Fossil Fuel" money pledge, and am on various lists as a "corporate-free" candidate. I supported the California Disclose Act, which was an important step toward transparency. I have accepted campaign finance limits (my Democratic opponent has not) and am running a people-powered campaign. In office I would advance state legislation in support of publicly funded elections, and would support any constitutional amendment at the national level that sought to correctly define corporations as artifical entities undeserving of the rights afforded human beings."


California: Secretary of State

Erik Rydberg (2/10/18) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"As a Green Party candidate and member of the only National Party to support Move To Amend's "We the People Amendment" my platform for Secretary of State is the 4th Part of the Green New Deal - A Functioning Democracy. The GND clearly states that in order to have A Functioning Democracy we must End Corporate Personhood and amend the constitution to state that corporations are not people and money is not speech."


California: Mayor, City of Moreno Valley

Mary McBean (9/21/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Encourage my residents to sign a petition for the US Supreme Court to amend certian rights to corporations.

Citizens United should be over turned. Big money hinders progress of any slimer of moving the country forward because, are lawmakers are repaying those who gave them money."


California: Mayor, City of Oakland

Cat Brooks (10/30/18) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will use the platform of the mayors office to speak out against corporate money in the political space and continue my personal practice of not accepting corporate od developer campaign contributions."


California: Alameda County District Attorney

Pamela Price (2/5/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will use my position as District Attorney to prove to the public that one can win an important race by focusing on small individual donations rather than corporate contributions. I want to work to ensure that the justice system grants people from all class positions and backgrounds the opportunity to be voting, engaged, valued members of a community. My stance on corporate money in politics reflects my commitment to a democracy comprised of empowered individuals from all walks of life. Moreover, my commitment to bail reform and combatting mass incarceration stems in part from my willingness not to rely on contributions and support from financially powerful private prison and bail bond lobbies."


California: Berkeley City Council, District 1

Igor Tregub (8/8/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"As the only candidate in my race who very publicly supported a public financing measure (including signing the ballot signatory statement), I will continue to support any and all efforts to stamp out the influx of corporate money in local, statewide, and federal elections. I have and will continue to champion resolutions and letters to that effect, including this pledge to the amend the U.S. Constitution."


California: Berkeley City Council, District 1

Mary Behm-Steinberg (8/23/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I'm already doing it as a candidate, by signing a local pledge not to take money from corporations (specifically big developers here), and I signed up for the local public financing scheme, so I can't take more than $50 from any individual donor. I'm public about it, and will push for that kind of scheme at the state and national level.

One of the proposals I put into my platform was to create 3 additional City posts, and one of those posts is for a liaison to coordinate with outside entities, both governmental and non-profit, to bolster issues of common concern. This is one of those issues, and I think it would move forward a lot more quickly with coordination between local, regional, and state entities."


California: Culver City Council, District 2

Daniel Lee (11/28/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will sponsor and support resolutions in favor of an amendment that explicitly states that corporations are not people and money is not free speech, help spread education about the issue and will help educate people about Move to Amend in general."


California: Berkeley City Council, District 4

Kate Harrison (3/26/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


California: Oakland City Council, District 4

Sheng Thao (8/24/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will work with you, and will speak out against this, including writing letters."


California: Oakland City Council, District 4

Nayeli Maxson (8/24/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will work with the Oakland Public Ethics Commission to reform our local campaign finance system to get money out of politics as completely as possible."


California: Oakland City Council, District 4

Ben Gould (9/1/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


California: Oakland City Council

Abel Guillen (9/21/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I think we need to get big money our of politics and move to publicly financed campaigns that allow a broader range of perspectives to be represented in democratic elections."


California: Berkeley City Council, District 7

Rigel Robinson (8/20/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"If elected to the Berkeley City Council, I will work to strengthen our campaign finance laws to ensure that elections stay in the hands of people — not corporations. Our city currently has a public financing system that allows grassroots, corporate-free candidates like myself to raise the money we need to run our campaigns; this system is only available to city council and mayoral candidates, but on Council, I'll work to expand it to other local offices such as the Rent Stabilization Board."


California: Berkeley City Council, District 8

Alfred Twu (8/21/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will further expand our city's successful Public Financing program and low ($250) contribution limits to also cover ballot measures."


California: Berkeley City Council, District 8

Mary Kay Lacey (8/23/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will use my position as City Councilmember to publicly support an end to corporate big money in politics."


California: Emeryvillle City Council

Dianne Martinez (8/16/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


California: Sacramento County Board of Supervisors, District 2

Ronald Bell (10/14/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Once elected I will educate my community leaders on this specific issue and direct them to further educate their base of members in their respective organizations."


California: Sacramento County Board of Supervisors, District 3

Shaun Dillon (9/17/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


California: Humboldt County Board of Supervisors, District 4

Mary Ann Lyons (2/11/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will speak out and engage in conversation"


California: Humboldt County Board of Supervisors, District 4

Dani Burkhart (2/11/18, 2/22/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will speak publicly about this whenever possible, propose a resolution to the Board of Supervisors and work to enact local ordinances that pursue the Move to Amend."


California: Trinidad County Board of Supervisors, District 5

Steve Madrone (3/26/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Corporations are not people and I support the Move to Amend."


California: Santa Clara County Supervisor, District 4

Donald Rocha (9/5/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"One of the great attributes of America is that state and local governments can act as laboratories of democracy, seeing what works best and what doesn’t; when it comes to Citizens United and the dwindling faith in electoral politics, states, counties, and cities should embrace this task wholeheartedly. Although there are limits on what local governments can do, there are still plenty of regulations to pass that would help make government and campaigns more honest and transparent. I support enhancing disclosure requirements by lowering the disclosure thresholds, as well as support increasing oversight by creating election oversight boards that would make sure rules concerning campaign, coordinated, and independent expenditures are being adhered to. Specifically, in my Supervisor race, all candidates agreed to a Voluntary Expenditure Limit (VEL) that was intended to cap how much money a candidate would be able to spend on their campaign. However, there is a loophole that allows for a candidate to agree to this limit, while still permitting them to spend unlimited amounts of their own money. I would support amending this county ordinance to require that a candidate’s personal funds be subject to the same requirements as contributed funds if they agree to the VEL. The risk of wealthy individuals being able to buy their way into public office and pass laws that benefit themselves, especially in Silicon Valley, is very real, and should not be ignored."


California: Napa Valley College School Board

Amy Martenson (4/27/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Through speaking out and not accepting corporate donations."


California: Oakland School Board, District 6

Shanthi Gonzales (8/11/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

"I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment. (SCHOOL BOARD OFFICES)"

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"At the School Board level, it is really just the bully pulpit that is relevant, but I believe that ordinary people should be able to run for and hold elected office, and it is not possible in most places with unlimited money from wealthy donors."


California: Berkeley School Board

Julie Sinai (8/23/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I have and will continue to speak out against Citizens United and big money in politics."


California: Berkeley School Board

Norma JF Harrison (8/24/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"by including this notice in my discussions with other people."


California: Berkeley School Board

Abdur Sikder (9/1/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


COLORADO

Colorado: US House of Representatives, District 2

Nick Thomas (10/4/18) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Colorado: US House of Representatives, District 28

Shakti (3/29/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will communicate about the problems with the current system of financing elections and will support legislation that reduces the role of money in politics."


DELAWARE

Delaware: US Senate

Demitri Theodoropoulos (8/9/18) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"The main plank of my entire campaign is based on "campaign finance reform". I will speak out for and sponsor or champion a Constitutional Amendment that will in no uncertain terms limit the money used to influence an election in any way and any form from any entity. This will be written in a way that cannot be misinterpreted by any court. This way Citizens united will automatically be done away with and legislative representation returns to the people."


Delaware: Treasurer

David B. Chandler (8/9/18, 10/4/18) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I believe there is a high risk that a Constitutional Convention could be taken over by Trump supporters intent on giving corporations more power; so I would oppose calling for one. Personally, I have not taken any campaign contributions or spent any money on my campaigns in my four years of running for public office -- 2014, 2016, and 2018."


FLORIDA

Florida: US Senate

Roque De La Fuente (7/21/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."


Florida: US House of Representatives, District 1

Phil Ehr (12/6/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"By supporting dialogue in my district about the need to protect the principle of 'one adult citizen, one vote'. I support Move to Amend. I am open to other potential actions to correct the negative effects of the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission."


Florida: US House of Representatives, District 2

Robert Bruce Rackleff (11/27/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Florida: US House​ of Representatives, District 16

David Shapiro (2018) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Florida: US House​ of Representatives, District 23

Tim Canova (6/21/16, 8/8/16, 4/22/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will advocate for a Constitutional Amendment and resolutions in support of an Amendment to overturn Citizens United and related Supreme Court decisions"


Florida: US House​ of Representatives, District 26

Steven Machat (4/20/18) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will created legislations as well as spark a constitutional amendment to undo the harm done when a corporation, was given the right of a natural citizen. A corporation is not human and only humans can vote in person or with money to influence campaigns for our judicial and legislative branch as well as lobby our executive branch for favors of any kind"


Florida: State Senate, District 23

Faith "Olivia" Babis (9/24/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will support legislation to reform campaign finance, including eliminating corporate personhood, making PAC contributions more transparent, and seek to establish mandatory public campaign funding for all state offices."


Florida: State House, District 71

Tracy Pratt (2018) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Florida: State House, District 73

Liv Coleman (2018)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"We need action to address the state of money in politics ushered in after the Citizens United decision."


Florida: Manatee County Commision, District 2

Dimitrie Denis (2018)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will use my public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big business, by first raise money from the people I represent. Secondly, if I can get donations from institutions such as yours I would not need it from big business."


Florida: Sarasota County Charter Review Board, District 1

Krista Lohr (2018)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Arguably, a good first step at getting big money out of our local politics in Sarasota County is to elect our County Commissioners by single member districts.  The people of Sarasota County worked extremely hard to collect over 15,000 signatures to put an initiative on the November 2018  ballot to change the way the voters of Sarasota County elect their County Commissioners.  Currently, the County Commissioners are elected at large and it takes a lot of money to fund a countywide campaign.  If the voters pass the single member districts amendment the candidates for County Commission will be voted on by the voters of his or her district.  The idea is that a candidate can reach the voters of a district with significantly less money than would be needed in a countywide race.  Therefore, a candidate does not need to be dependent on large special interest contributions to be a viable candidate and get his or her message to the voters.

As a member of the Charter Review Board, I would voice the concern that many voters have regarding big special interest money in politics and the negative impacts it has on our elections and subsequently our daily lives.   Questions to consider are: what have other municipalities done to accomplish the goal of getting big special interest money out of local campaigns and how effective has it been at accomplishing the goal of getting big money out of politics at the local level?"


Florida: Sarasota County Charter Review Board, District 2

Mindy Lou Simmons (2018)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will work as a Charter Review Board member to get this amendment on the ballot."


IDAHO

Idaho: US House of Representatives, District 1

Cristina McNeil (8/29/18) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Introduce Amendment."


Idaho: State House, District 1

Stephen F. Howlett (5/2/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Idaho: State House, District 1A

Ellen D. Weissman (5/2/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Idaho: State House, District 14A

Jane M. Rohling (5/9/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Idaho: State Governor

James McLaughlin (12/21/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"In our country, the more money you have, the more power you consolidate.  From buying legislators to assist their business to make more profit, to having the justice system actually work for you (or sweep your situation under the rug.) 

I am not a politician.  I am at the point where I can no longer sit back and let the politicians take away our freedoms.   Running for governor is the only way I can think of, to make a real change.   I don't want this for me,  I want this to allow the citizens the option to take back their state.

I've made very few promises, but one that I have made is:  I will work for the people.  I will not take money from anyone (other than my day job,) and my goal is to spend less than $1000 total on my campaign.   I think that the people of the Great State of Idaho believe that politicians in general work behind the scenes to make sure that they keep political and financial power.  

I would love to see a citizen group constantly researching to discover 'donations' to elected officials.  After verification, those results would be made publicly available.  The citizens can then use that information to make up their minds regarding the actions of those representatives.

For example, the money taken from alcohol  and pharmaceutical companies, which solidified our politicians in denying medical access to a natural remedy, without allowing our citizens an real option to give input.

As Idaho's next Governor, I will support and speak out for human citizen's rights.   I'll work against corporate welfare, corporate purchase of politicians, and corporate power solidification.

Our tax code, our Justice system, and our elected officials have an apparent need to be shown that the citizens are are the basis of our respective communities.    I will work to make sure that Idaho's legislature puts human citizens back as the central focus of their legislative duties."


ILLINOIS

Illinois: US House of Representatives, District 7

Anthony Clark (2/6/18) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Super PACs should be banned, private donations to politicians and campaigns should be banned, and a clean public financing system be implemented to end the takeover of our government by corporations and billionaires. I am a 100% grassroots candidate who will use my office to fight for a reverse of Citizens United through a Constituional Amendment, while also fighting to maximize transparency."


KANSAS

Kansas: US House of Representatives, District 1

Alan LaPolice (9/28/18) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I would argue that the Kavanaugh appointment is far less about Roe V Wade and entirely about Citizens United V FEC and McCutcheon V FEC. There has been a concerted effort for a very long time to create corporate personhood and give unlimited power as well as Constitutional protections to corporations. Since entering politics I have fought against this effort and I have advocated for the 28th Amendment overturning these horrible decisions which I consider the Dred Scott of our day. Absolutely nothing else can get fixed in our Republic until the corrupting and toxic influence of money is limited and regulated in our political processes. For me personally, nothing is more important."


KENTUCKY

Kentucky: US House of Representatives, District 2

Grant Short (1/23/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"HJR 48 and other legislative measures. I also want to see legislation limiting the spinning door between people serving in Congress and becoming lobbyists. I will also help back lawsuits that bring precedent to the matter. Lastly, I will use my platform and the press."


Kentucky: US House of Representatives, District 3

Rich Stevenson (1/22/18) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will introduce this Joint Resolution on January 4, 2019 when I am elected from KY03 Congress:

http://cs2pr.us/Rich/StevensonUSHouseJointRes.pdf .
"Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to firmly establish that money is not political speech, and that human beings, not corporations, are persons entitled to constitutional rights. Further, those natural persons who are eligible to vote shall have exclusive rights to support political campaigns with contributions and expenditures. Legal entities that are not eligible to vote shall have no rights to make campaign contributions or expenditures to influence elections or to support ballot measures of any kind." This "Equal Political Speech" amendment it being shared in social media. Thanks for the shoulder to stand on David Cobb. Occupy Elections! We are the 99.999%."


Kentucky: US House of Representatives, District 6

Rikka Wallin (9/13/18) 

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"It is my top priority along with universal healthcare and I speak out about it constantly. I have been a member of Central Kentucky Move to Amend since its inception."


Kentucky: US House of Representatives, District 6

Amy McGrath (10/4/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"The corrosive influence of big money in our politics is slowly destroying the democracy our Founders intended. Big money drives lawmakers to cower to special interests, and mutes the conversations needed for public good.

Citizens United was one of the worst Supreme Court decisions in modern history. This terrible decision effectively allows an election to be bought. How? By corporations, wealthy individuals, and foreign entities like Russia sinking millions of dollars in the form of countless ads promoting or attacking a candidate to sway voters. Just half of one percent — 0.50% — of Americans fund almost 70% of congressional campaigns.

How can we cure this cancer crippling our democracy?

1. We must hold our elected officials accountable for succumbing to these special interest groups. It is their responsibility to act in the interest of their constituents, not corporations.

2. Elect leaders who believe money in politics to be a major issue, and elect leaders who campaign with the help of the people, not corporate interests.

3. A Constitutional amendment to rein in money in politics, even though such an amendment is unlikely today. As a member of Congress, I will work to pass campaign finance reform every chance I can. But passing any law at the federal level will be challenged in court and that means Citizens United must be overturned. To do that requires a Supreme Court that is more progressive. This is one of the major reasons why who we elect as President is critical.

4. Until we can overturn the harmful Citizens United ruling, we must express support for legislation that piece-by-piece dismantles the some of the ramifications of the ruling.

In the meantime, I will continue to do everything I can to heighten awareness of this issue and increase awareness on laws that counter the excessive money in our political campaigns. This is a solvable problem, and is not a partisan issue. Fixing it will require citizens and politicians alike who love our country and demand structural reform before our democracy is destroyed."


LOUISIANA

Louisiana: US House of Representatives, District 6

Justin Dewitt (2/8/18, 9/13/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Our government is supposed to of the people, by the people, and for the people. When corporations can spend unlimited secret money to influence elections, we end up with government of, by, and for corporations. Unlike my opponent, I will not take any money from corporate PACs.

Politicians set up their own PACs to take unlimited money from corporations and the wealthiest among us. This includes Garret Graves who has his own PAC to raise unlimited money. I'm not a politician. I don't have a PAC and I never will have a PAC.

Elections should be about the public, not about who raises more money. Candidates should distinguish themselves with by promising to help people and delivering once in office. As long as getting elected means raising huge sums of money elections will be about private corporations and the wealthy not the broader public. We need to have publicly funded elections if our elections are ever going to be about the public.

Our elected officials should represent us not the political class. Gerrymandered districts, the two party system, and partisan primaries distort the will of the people and divide our country. I remember when only weirdos like me followed politics like most people follow football. I want politics to be boring again and the Fair Representation Act (H.R. 3057) will make politics work for everyone."


MARYLAND

Maryland: US House of Representatives, District 6

George Gluck (8/25/18, 9/29/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"In return for being granted a Corporate Charter in the1800s, states required that corporations first foster public good and restricted, among other things, the length of time the charter lasted. By the 1900s these charters were no longer enforced and now, instead of corporations considering their customers, employees and the environment they work in, their only consideration has become PROFIT and “We the [real] People” are forced to fix the damage these fictional “people” cause. As a candidate for Maryland’s Congressional District 6, I not only take the “Pledge to Amend,” but will do whatever I can to reverse the 2010 Supreme Court until the amendment is passed."\


MASSACHUSETTS

Massachusetts: US House of Representatives, District 3

Michael Mullen (10/2/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I'm running as an independent because I believe our current system is too divisive and big money plays too large a role. I have endorsed the Massachusetts ballot Question 2 that will create a citizen's commission to determine the best way to create a constitutional amendment to address corporate personhood and the influence of money in elections. When elected I will continue to support this and other efforts including non-partisan redistricting, ranked choice voting, automatic voter registration and public financing of elections. I believe these steps will encourage increased voter participation as well as attract additional qualified and engaged candidates to run for office. We need to ensure that our elections remain free and fair to preserve the trust in our government and representatives."


Massachusetts: State Senate

Charlene DiCalogero (10/31/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will support constitutional amendments at both the state and national levels that state that corporations are not people and may be regulated, and money is not speech. I am currently collecting signatures in support of the federal 28th Amendment to do so, and frequently speak about the need to get big money out of politics and government. I call for public funding of campaigns, and run as a low-donation candidate ($200 maximum donation per individual per year; this is 1/5th of the MA limit). I also refuse donations from corporate lobbyists and Super PACs."


MICHIGAN

Michigan: US House of Representatives, District 2

Rob Davidson (9/28/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will support campaign finance reform initiatives sponsored by organizations such as End Citizens United and Move To Amend. I will hold regular town halls to highlight the need for campaign finance reform and ending corporate influence in politics."


Michigan: US House of Representatives, District 6

David Benac (7/9/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Many of the changes I support have already been introduced in Congress. I will work for the reintroduction and passage of any of the bills mentioned here. The Democracy for All amendment was a comprehensive solution that would correct the worst elements of the three most problematic U.S. Supreme Court decisions: Citizens United, Buckley v. Valeo, and McCutcheon v. FEC. The DISCLOSE Act, the Election Protection and Integrity Act, and the KOCH Act were more targeted bills, all of which dealt with transparency. The combined effect of those bills would be to require all charitable groups that engage in any activity that includes the name of a candidate or is intended to shape the outcome of a federal election or policy to disclose the names of all donors.

Those bills will put us on the right path to reform, but even those measures do not go far enough. In Congress, I will do everything in my power to protect the Johnson Amendment and introduce legislation to prohibit government contractors from funneling campaign donations through non-profits. It is crucial that we establish and protect impermeable barriers that prevent the wealthiest donors from hijacking our government.

My ultimate goal for reforming our electoral finance laws is establishing publicly-funded elections. This single reform possesses more potential to positively transform our government than any other proposal. Publicly-funded elections will provide all Americans with the opportunity to run for office and will conclusively eject big money and all of its corrupting influences from our government."


Michigan: US House of Representatives, District 13

Kentiel White (4/9/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will go after corporations that support the NRA and to remove corporate greed who bring the United States Capital And I promise to protect the word constitution and honor each amendment."


MINNESOTA

Minnesota: US Senate

Richard Painter (7/18/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"In the Senate, I would take the following steps to eliminate the insidious influence of money in politics:

1. Introduce a bill requiring complete transparency of money in politics, including contributions to, 501(c)(3) organizations, 501(c)(4) organizations, PACs, Super PACs, and any dark money organizations engaging in communications intended to influence elections. All such contributions will be recorded by the FEC and made publicly available.

2. Enact the Taxation Only With Representation statute giving every taxpayer the right to designate the first $200 of their taxes to the campaign(s) of his/her choice.

3. Vote against the appointment of any Supreme Court nominee who will not, under oath, commit to overturning the decision on FEC vs. Citizens United.

4. Provide funding to state legislatures to organize and sponsor televised debates for both the primary and general election of all federal and statewide offices, as well as any other offices at the discretion of the legislature."


Minnesota: US Senate

Roque De La Fuente (7/21/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."


Minnesota: US Senate

Nikolay Bey (8/5/16, 7/23/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"1. I see the constitution being for the people, by the people. I understand that there are policies right now that are written, and I think, if I am not mistaken, some are not yet fully approved by the appointed political parties, which means policies are still in the "works." I will review ... them... [and] if I win the primary... I will get to work so I start getting voter trust.

2. I support the constitution. I find the constitution like our bible to follow.... I would not touch the constitution, unless... the people ... advise me who are citizens of the state. ...
3. Small business or Big business, Public Company, or major whatever it is, has no business being in the constitution. Constitution is written, again, by the people, for the people. Simple as that..."


Minnesota: US Senate

Stephen Emery (7/24/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Enforce the Title of Nobility Clauses and pass a bill to have the Sherman Antitrust Act enforced as written. See my website at emeryforsenate.org. Amy Klobuchar is the Ranking Member on the Senate Antitrust Subcommittee and yet she hasn't done anything about this situation. She doesn't even know how to. Don't vote for her. Vote for me because I know what to do and would do it!"


Minnesota: US House of Representatives, District 2

Jeff Erdmann (1/12/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will be a champion for all Americans in fighting for the passage of this Amendment so we can begin to reduce the corruption in our political process. Money has corrupted our entire process and is playing a significant role in bringing about the incredible income inequality in our country. Working class Americans are seeing our quality of life go down every year due to the manipulation of our elected officials by money from corporate interests. I will be an uncommon leader that will stand out because of my persistence and leadership to this cause."


Minnesota: US House of Representatives, District 3

Adam Jennings (3/3/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Minnesota: US House of Representatives, District 8

Joe Radinovich (4/5/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I'll support the Move to Amend and other legislative means to remove the corrupting influence of money in our political system. In the spirit of Congressman Rick Nolan, I will use my platform to advocate on this issue both in the district and nationally. I'll seek to build coalitions with republican legislators to advance bipartisan legislation."


Minnesota: US House of Representatives, District 8

Michelle Lee (7/22/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"As a former journalist and now as someone who as experienced first hand the issue of campaign financing I will use my talents to promote and educate on the need for reform. I will work to craft legislation and or co-sponsor legislation to over ride the Citizens United decision by the US Supreme Court.

Corporations are not people
Money is not speech"


Minnesota: US House of Representatives, District 8

Soren Sorenson (7/22/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I pledge to continue to carry the H.J.Res.48 resolution introduced by Representative Rick Nolan in this district, and to fight the corrosive effects of money in politics at all levels!"


Minnesota: US House of Representatives, District 8

Ray "Skip" Sandman (10/1/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"i will be speaking out against this issue and working hard to get big money out politics."


Minnesota: US House of Representatives, District 10A

Dale Menk (9/4/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will resist efforts in Minnesota to allow corporations to contribute to campaigns for state office or to raise limits on pac contributions. I will advocate for publicly funded elections."


Minnesota: State Senate, District 13

Joe Perske (6/29/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will work to pass legislation that reforms our campaign finance laws and limits the influence of PAC money in our elections. I will sign on to current legislation being offered by DFL legislators that would define that rights under the Constitution are rights of natural persons and not artificial entities such as corporations and that spending money to influence elections is not speech protected by the First Amendment (SF1082)"


Minnesota: State House, District 2A

Michael Northbird (6/28/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will support any state legislation that assists in this effort. Part of my platform includes support for opposition to the Citizens United decision."


Minnesota: State House, District 5A

John Persell (6/29/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

"I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment."

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"By publicly supporting HJR 48"


Minnesota: State House, District 5B

Pat Medure (7/12/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

"I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment."

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"The constitution needs to be changed/amended on the national level. I can speak in favor of and support the change by being a voice to educate the public on why this is important to all of us. Education to the general public is very crucial to make the change to the constitution of the Untied States. We the people are the government and our voices need to be heard on this issue to effect change."


Minnesota: State House, District 6B

Shaun Hainey (7/16/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

"I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment."

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I am leading a campaign focused on citizen engagement. I genuinely believe our democracy does better when more people participate. A critical piece of that in Minnesota is getting back to our state constitution and passing laws which address only one subject, instead of slipping in unrelated amendments at the last minute. Transparency in legislation coincides with transparency in campaign finance reform, and making sure that the people, not special interests and big money, are represented. The government exists to serve the people, not the other way around."


Minnesota: State House, District 7A

Jennifer Schultz (7/11/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

"I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment."

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I’ve introduced legislation to address gerrymandering & redistricting to help restore our democracy. I support legislation to eliminate dark money from elections."


Minnesota: State House, District 7B

Liz Olson (6/27/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

"I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment."

RESPONSE: No


Minnesota: State House, District 8B

Gail Kulp (9/5/16, 6/22/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Although I have not been elected yet, I still talk with voters in an effort to educate them to look and see how big money in politics is eroding our rights as citizens and our democracy. If elected, I would be honored to sponsor and encourage like minded representatives to lead or join in this effort."


Minnesota: State House, District 9A

Alex Hering (7/5/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

"I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment."

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Corporate rights and big money in politics are some of the frustrations that as a citizen and voter have led me to step forward and run for state office. I will use my voice when elected to stand up and speak for Minnesotans and against corporate influence running politics today."


Minnesota: State House, District 11B

Tim Burkhardt (7/9/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

"I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment."

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will support current legislation, or author legislation if none exists to promote Fair & Clean election in order to get big money out of the political process."


Minnesota: State House, District 14A

Aric Putnam (7/5/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

"I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment."

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"The first and easiest step (in the state house, at least) is to legislate increased transparency in government and campaign finance reform. I would author legislation to make legislator's compensation and sources of campaign contributions more open to public awareness, and hopefully, scrutiny. This would be a simple and achievable first step."


Minnesota: State House, District 15A

Emy Minzel (7/23/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

"I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment."

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I believe I will work to make sure no laws are passed that limit the rights of individuals or environmental protections while benefiting corporate interests. I will oppose any laws that show an abuse of power by large money self-interested groups. Lawmakers should be passing laws that protect the people they represent not corporations."


Minnesota: State House, District 15B

Myron Arthur Wilson (6/28/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: --


Minnesota: State House, District 15B

Karla Scapanski (8/14/16, 6/30/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"A small business owner and operator like myself and others in my district see what happens when big money is allowed to influence politics. The middle class is becoming the working poor as the richest 1 percent now own over 40% of the country's wealth. This power of money allows them to influence every part of our lives and this is why I will use my position in public office to end corporate constitutional rights and champion legislation to remove big dark money from politics."


Minnesota: State House, District 15B

Jessica Filiaggi (7/23/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I support a 28th amendment and would use my office to help get big money out of politics. This is a bi-partisan issue and we were warned in the minority opinion of Citizens United what would happen. And its happening. I would author legislation to disallow independent expenditures and shorten campaign cycles."


Minnesota: State House, District 18A

Justin Vold (6/27/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"To ensure that the state campaign finance laws we currently have stay in place. I would use my office to co-author or sponsor a bill that eliminates all corporation involvement in political campaigns. I also would use my office to support and advocate for implementation on a federal level."


Minnesota: State House, District 18A

Jill Galvan (7/14/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

"I do believe that corporations and other non-human entities should have no say in our elections and should not have constitutional rights. I do not support the idea that money is not speech, nor do I support limitations on what individuals may contribute to campaigns, so long as all contributions are transparent and easily available to voters. While I cannot pledge to support your specific goal, I will use my office to pass resolutions, write bills, and support an amendment such as I have stated above and will work with those who are in favor of campaign finance reform."


Minnesota: State House, District 21A

Lori Ann Clark (6/29/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will work to write and sponsor legislation that brings an end to constitutional rights for special interests groups over the will of the people."


Minnesota: State House, District 22A

Brian Abrahamson (8/3/16, 5/30/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will do everything in my power to take big money out of politics, and I will fight for the hard working Minnesotans; teachers, union workers, nurses, healthcare workers...I pledge not to receive money from or work with big money interests."


Minnesota: State House, District 23B

Melissa Wagner (1/13/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will advocate for and sponsor legislation that evens the playing field for candidates. I would love to see each endorsed candidate given a set amount of dollars to use as they decide so that it is not a competition about who can get the most money! Legislators can be more effective if they didn't need to spend so much time and energy fund raising and it would limit the role of big money and corporations in deciding public policy. "


Minnesota: State House, District 23B

Jeremy Munson (6/27/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

"In order to get money out of politics, we need a limited government that supports free markets and does not control the markets. If we simplify our tax code - remove loopholes and specific tax credits which benefit one industry over another, we remove the desire for corporations to control government. When government has the ability to determine what is bought and sold in this country, the first thing to be bought is government."


Minnesota: State House, District 26A

Tina Liebling (6/28/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

"I support legislation to take back our democracy from corporations, get money out of campaigns, and increase voting rights, and I have a history of doing so. I am a member of Move to Amend. However, I don't make pledges."


Minnesota: State House, District 28B

Thomas Trehus (6/25/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will support public financing of campaigns and I will support strict regulations on corporate money."


Minnesota: State House, District 29B

Sharon McGinty (9/5/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"As a first time candidate, I believe that campaigns should not be funded by impersonal corporations. I believe that there is no reason any campaign should be operating with massive budgets in excess of 6-digits unless you're running for President. I am running my campaign for the House on a shoe string budget. Based on the size of my district, the length of time between my registering as a candidate and Election Day, I am leading by example and am not actively seeking massive funds from any group or organization that I do not personally support and believe in. I have never been one to be "bought off" and am confident that I will remain independent of influence from the special needs of any entity that is not a living breathing organism, regardless of contribution to my subsequent victory."


Minnesota: State House, District 34A

Dan Solon (6/25/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will be a vocal advocate of amending the US Constitution and State laws to ensure corporations are not viewed as people."


Minnesota: State House, District 35A

Bill Vikander (7/15/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I support public financing of campaigns with small individual donations. I signed the public subsidy agreement in the State of Minnesota which limits the amount that any one person can contribute to our campaign in an election cycle, as well as spending caps. Money is not speech, Corporations should not have the ability to tilt the scales in our elections."


Minnesota: State House, District 35B

Kathryn Eckhardt (7/6/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Corporate influence is undermining the power of people and damaging our democracy. I will support legislation aimed at curtailing the influence of corporate power in our political process."


Minnesota: State House, District 38A

Kevin Fogarty (6/20/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"As a state Legislator my ability to directly affect the national policy or limited. That said I would take every opportunity to express my opinion and the opinion of my district. By conduct surveys, disseminate educational material, and publish open letters in the support of Amending “Citizens United”."


Minnesota: State House, District 39A

Ann Mozey (7/3/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"A candidate, elected or not, has an opportunity to educate people. I am an attorney, practicing for 20 years with an active license, the ideal background to understand these complex issues. On Facebook I have taken the opportunity to engage my readers with topical issues and debates that reach many peoplewith diverse opinions. I havve been able to keep it informational, light, civil and engaging. I have also been visible demonstrating my values, like the recent demonstration against family separation. In so doing, I am following Scalia's calling: "[r]equiring people to stand up in public for their political acts fosters civic courage, without which democracy is doomed."

If elected, there are many ways to change campaign finance laws. One is to pass an amendment to the Constitution. To learn more, I have attendedan American Promise training, a non-profit callingfor a 28th Amendment which needs to be ratified in each state by legislative resolution or with a question on the ballot. Promoting and amplifying the public subsidy option for candidates is another effort that makes very good sense to me. This has been done in a handful of other states. For this to work in Minnesota, we would need additional funding sources. I like the idea of funding grants for legal scholarship because the scholarship opportunity could go a long way to promote deeply qualified candidates. Creating transparency is a key component of a change for the better. I really liked that Rhode Island made a rule that no presidential candidate can be on their ballot without disclosing their tax returns for the last five years. Minnesota could implement a rule promoting the personal transparency of candidates.

Our U.S. Supreme Court created the fiction of corporate free speech with Citizens United, and in turn our highest court created unfree speech. Reversing this decision has the broadest support of any issue in the history of politics aligning many diverse groups including civil rights, environmental and economic justice advocates, faith groups, consumer groups, students, and businesses alike. Limites on contributions, on spending, on ads, along with new campaign finance laws focuing on trnasparency would be a good start. Billionaires should not be able to buy an election by overloading the media with biased information and fake news. In addition looking at non-profit status is immportant as well as much of the fakenews was manufactured in these think tanks. In additon to regulating media, investing in qualitynews sources is key. To me the argument that money is speech is a pretzel-thinking perversion not uncommon among conservatives. It is paramount that we resotre the country's faith in democracy. Chants and protests "this is what democracy looks like," are invaluable free speech and most hopefully the precursor to real transformation.


Minnesota: State House, District 45A

Lyndon Carlson (6/26/18, 6/28/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will support and will advocate for the passage and ratification of a constitutional amendment. I support the public funding of campaigns, limits on campaign spending, and the full disclosure of all contributions.There also should be a requirement that all candidates and public office holders file a statement of economic interest."


Minnesota: State House, District 47A

Madalynn Gerold (6/22/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will push, sign, and create any legislation possible to reduce the rights of corporations in campaign finance."


Minnesota: State House, District 50B

Andrew Carlson (7/18/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"MN Democrats have repeatedly tried to require organizations to report "electioneering communications" if it occurs within 60 days of an election. The NRA, the MN Business Partnership & MN Citizens Concerned for Life have staunchly opposed these efforts. Last year HF 410 was introduced, a measure I supported that aimed to eliminate a campaign finance loophole that currently exempts certain political groups from reporting spending on "issue based" communications--even if they advocate for or against a candidate--within close proximity to an election. The bill HF 410 never received a hearing in the Republican-led House. I will continue to speak out against the use of "dark money" and excessive corporate influence in our elections."


Minnesota: State House, District 60B

Joshua Preston (7/2/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"We must overturn Citizens United. As the next representative of Minnesota House District 60B, I look forward to supporting a constitutional amendment that will recognize free speech as a right of natural -- rather than corporate -- persons.

Additionally, I am an ardent supporter of donor transparency laws and the public financing of campaigns."


Minnesota: State House, District 62A

Bruce Lundeen (7/8/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No


Minnesota: State House, District 62A

Osman Ahmed (7/16/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Money can be a potentially corrupting influence in politics. Individuals and corporate funding of political campaigns that support candidates who protect the interests of the wealthy have only widened the gap between the rich and the poor. Campaign contributions are not a form of political speech protected by the first amendment. We must, at the local and state level, overturn and pass policies that prevent funding from dictating our elections."


Minnesota: State House, District 63B

Jean Wagenius (7/14/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I support legislation requiring disclosure of the sources of money used for campaigning."


Minnesota: State House, District 65A

Rena Moran (8/11/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I pledge to introduce legislation and educate my constituents"


Minnesota: State House, District 66A

Alice Hausman (7/3/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I believe in citizen and legislator partnerships for this type of advocacy. We need each other to accomplish this. The irony is there will be a large amount of money spent by the opposition."


Minnesota: State House, District 66B

John Lesch (6/26/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

As Ranking member on the House Committee on Civil Law and Data Practices, I will oppose all efforts to gluttonize corporations, and work to secure access to the courts for aggrieved parties so that we may hold corporations accountable. I am especially interested in establishing recoupment of legal fees for plaintiffs forced to sue corporations exhibiting fraudulent or criminal behavior.


Minnesota: Governor

Erin Murphy (5/7/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"It’s critical that we pass stricter campaign finance laws in order to make sure that our political power rests with people not corporate control. As governor, I’ll fight to expand public financing of our elections and require political action committees to disclose their top funders. I’ll be sure to use every tool at my disposal as governor to urge federal action on campaign finance and a reversal of Citizens United.

I’ll also make it a priority to expand access to the ballot box with measures like automatic voter registration and restoring the vote for Minnesotans who have served their sentence for a felony conviction."


Minnesota: Governor

Olé Savior (8/1/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Lobbyists' $$ [money] has corrupted our government. I will act in a fair manner when politics is involved. Both sides should present their views and policies. But also I know and realize many big corporations have been acting unreasonable and taking advantage on many levels, especially usng lobbyist money as a powerful weapon in political ads, supporting their favorite candidates. Millions of dollars from lobbyists are basically payoffs to state plus Congress members and U.S. government administrators; Trump's corrupt greedy style is unfair to everyone else."


Minnesota: Attorney General

Noah Johnson (7/20/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will openly support the notion that corporations do not have the same rights as people and that money is not free speech, as it disproportionately benefits the interests of the rich over those of the vast majority of citizens."


Minnesota: Mayor, City of Minneapolis

Gregg Iverson (10/16/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No


Minnesota: Mayor, City of Saint Paul

Elizabeth Dickinson (10/9/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No


Minnesota: May​​or, City of Saint Paul

Tom Goldstein (10/9/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No


Minnesota: Mayor, City of Saint Paul

Sharon Anderson (10/23/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Via Zoning and Campaign Financing, Limit NonProfit Subsides Low Bids on Housing Construction."


Minnesota: Mayor, City of Saint Paul

Pat Harris (10/12/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Minnesota: Minneapolis City Council, Ward 3

Samantha Pree-Stinson (10/9/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

For one, I started with my own campaign and not accepting any PAC money. I also did not seek endorsement from any organization who has been participating in allowing money to equal speech. My campaign has been run ethically and with integrity.

I support proportional representation and I plan to work with organizations who are already doing the work to add my voice and power of influence to add more power to the movement and engage with the communities I serve. Education and coalition building is power and it is what we need to make the necessary changes to be a reflective democracy.


Minnesota: Minneapolis City Council, Ward 6

Tiffini Flynn Forslund (10/29/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"The Supreme Court passed legislation and policy giving corporations more power in elections. With that legislation and policy need to change. The conversation has to change and I am an out of the box person. I feel it should be on stationery and logos to get people thinking."


Minnesota: Minneapolis City Council, Ward 7

Janne Flisrand (2/26/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will use my position to speak about the problem of unlimited money in elections, and of allowing corporate Constitutional rights."


Minnesota: Minneapolis City Council, Ward 9

Gary Schiff (10/4/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Any and all ways that I can!


Minnesota: Minneapolis City Council, Ward 12

Harrison Bullard (10/5/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I strongly believe if we remove corporate money, put a spending limit on campaign finance, and set term limits, we can give the people back their government.

I have not received any campaign financing from any corporations, I will serve no more than 3 terms, and I will not spend more than $2500.

I think the people should set the limits, not the politicians. I am going to work hard to see these 3 things happen, I believe this will move us back to real governance that is “for the people and by the people.”"


Minnesota: Minneapolis Parks and Recreation Board

Russ Henry (10/10/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will work to end the privatization of parks that has been happening in the Minneapolis park system. I'll work to get the city to adopt publicly funded campaigns. I'll work for more clarity on campaign financing and campaign contributions. I'll never accept any campaign donations from corporations.


Minnesota: Minneapolis Parks and Recreation Board

Charles Exner

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Minnesota: Bloomington School Board

John Moravec (10/30/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Minnesota: Bloomington School Board

Michael Poke (10/9/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No


Minnesota: Edina School Board

Gabe Aderhold (9/26/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No


Minnesota: Edina School Board

David Coldstein (9/26/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No


Minnesota: Edina School Board

Chris Tuescher (9/26/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No


Minnesota: Saint Paul School Board

Greg Copeland (10/19/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No


MISSOURI

Missouri: US Senate

Angelica Earl (5/25/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Working hard to educate the people of Missouri about how corporations buy our politicians. Team Missouri is leading by example and not accepting assistance from Super PACs or donations from corporations.

Other pledges have been signed that state that we will never accept those funds proving that we work for the people."


MONTANA

Montana: US House of Representatives

John Heenan (9/19/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I have walked the walk in my legal career, prosecuting politicians who do the bidding of corporations. I am a strong advocate for getting money out of politics and will make getting Citizens United overturned by constitutional amendment my first and top priority."


Montana: US House of Representatives, District 7

Jim Cossitt (9/25/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"By supporting and proposing legislation to end corporate personhood and get $ out of politics."


Montana: State House, District 14

Diane Magone (2/5/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will support any and all legislation that promotes getting dark money out of politics on both the State and Federal level. I will also work to educate voters about the We the People Amendment as I campaign for the position of representative for the State of Montana."


NEBRASKA

Nebraska: US Senate

Douglas Whitmore (7/17/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"During my campaign I am vowing to Nebraska constituents that I will not accept Corporate Funding, Special Interest Funding/influence nor the like. Additionally I and Nebraska constituents will vet potential staff to prevent anyone involved with like interests of corporations, special interest (groups, etc.) and hire/work with the contingency of dismissal of later discovery."


Nebraska: US Senate

Jim Schultz (8/31/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

"There seems to be a fundamental misunderstanding about the nature of rights and the Constitution's role in the preservation of those rights.

The Constitution does not grant rights; it only places explicit limits on the ability of the government to infringe upon those rights. As such, any attempt to limit the full participation of any person, group of people, or organization in the political process must be vigorously opposed.

This country was born from a violent revolution over the issue of taxation without representation. If we are to arbitrarily and capriciously limit the representative standing of any legal entity, we forfeit the moral grounds to tax those entities. This is the foundation of participatory governance. Without unrestricted avenues of participation, government becomes an oppressive tyranny."


NEVADA

N​evada: US House of Representatives, District 2

Chip Evans (11/1/16)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"1) I will support, and lead if needed, legislation to re-institute campaign finance reform measures that meet judicial muster.

2) I will support, and lead if needed, legislation to declare corporations are not people and money is not speech.

3) I will support, and lead if needed, legislation calling for a Constitutional Amendment to overturn Citizen's United.

4) I will do all I can to identify and support Supreme Court nominees who oppose Citizen's United."


Ne​vada: State Assembly, District 4

Tony Smith (8/24/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will propose the toughest campaign finance legislation in the country. If it is challenged in the courts, so be it. The fight to restore our democracy by ending Big Money in politics must be waged in the courts, in state legislatures, in Congress, and in our day-to-day public discourse."


NEW HAMPSHIRE

New Hampshire: US House of Representatives, District 1

Mindi Messmer (4/13/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

“I am not accepting money from corporations or special interest. I speak out and routinely expose lobbyists that fight my legislation and educate the public on their influence as part of my campaign. I speak about the need to overturn Citizens United. I will write and xospomsor any legislation that tries to fix this very real threat to our democracy.”


New Hampshire: US House of Representatives, District 1

Dan Belforti (9/28/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Corporations and unions should not be allowed to influence elections in any way. Only U.S. citizens should be able to donate time or money to candidates."


New Hampshire: State House, District 10

Joel Prescott (5/23/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


NEW JERSEY

New Jersey: US Senate

Murray Sabrin (9/6/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

"To end cronyism in government I propose the federal budget be reduced so there is no incentive to have armies of lobbies--and campaign donations--seeking special privileges for their company or industry, such as tariffs, grants, subsidies, etc. I also propose to reduce regulations, which have been used by companies to stifle competition, raise prices and create "monopoly profits." The bottom line, big government creates the conditions for "rent seeking," which is anti-consumer. I will work diligently to end this assault on the free enterprise system, and rid DC of cronyism, once-and-for-all. In the final analysis, limited government is the best solution to "big money" influencing the democratic process."


New Jersey: US House of Representatives, District 2

William Benfer (8/28/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"It is my goal to end the abhorrent Citizens United ruling by amending the constitution to show that only the people should be represented as having constitutional rights, and not large corporations. Speech is not equivalent to money or visa versa. Only seven people, Supreme Court justices, voted to create that inequitable equivalency. If elected, I will support bills like HJR 48 and any other bills that seek to abolish these types of unfair policies. It is my belief that this law, Citizens United, had one primary goal in mind when established. And that goal was, and still is, to allow off-shore companies to participate in election funding. For example, the Supreme Court clarified in a little noticed case called Bluman v. FEC that foreign nationals still can't spend in American elections. But, we still don't have a clearly defined law as to what counts as a foreign corporation for election law purposes. It has also allowed dark money to pay for negative ads that defame and discredit candidates not supported by largely unknown monetary sources. This means voters cannot tell who is trying to sway their vote. We must take every possible action to take money out of politics, allow term limits to be reinstated so that no candidate can be seen as a long term investment, and allow the people's votes to once again be the sole indication of who should be elected into public office."


New Jersey: US House of R​epresentatives, District 11

Ryan Martinez (8/26/18, 10/4/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Cut government spending. Put more money in the pockets of citizens so they can live the way they choose. Take all of the money out of politics. Corporations can endorse anyone they want. I feel that if you are running for office we should run on ideas. Not lawn signs, commercials, billboards, etc.

Have debates, take your case to the people."


NEW MEXICO

New Mexico: US House of R​epresentatives, District 2

L. Madeline Hildebrandt (4/30/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"In Congress, I will support legislation, and co-sponsor legislation to end corporate influence over politics, and will continue to speak out about overturning the Supreme Court decision on Citizens United. I support HJR 48."


New Mexico: US House of R​epresentatives, District 2

Clayburn Griffin (5/30/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I would support an amendment to refuse constitutional rights to artificial entities. In the meantime, I would look to support legislation that limits the power of corporations, particularly on issues relating to money in politics."


NEW YORK

New York: US House of Representatives, District 21​

Tedra L. Cobb (4/26/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"First, I will co-sponsor HJR 48 and/or corresponding legislation in the next Congress. As a County Legislator, I chaired the committee to create and push the passage of a strong Ethics Law and County Board of Ethics. While in office, I served on the NYS Committee on Open Government which oversees the NYS Open Meetings Laws and FOIL. I will use this experience to inform the creation of, and passage of, laws to increase ethics, transparency, good government and to reverse the disastrous Citizens United decision."


New York: US House of Representatives, District 23

Ian Golden (2/23/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Will continue to endorse and Co-sign on updating resolutions.


New York: US House of Representatives, District 23​

Max H. Della Pia (3/15/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will work for public finance of political campaigns with reasonable limits in spending."


OHIO

Ohio: US ​House of Representatives, District 1

Aftab Pureval (4/22/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Ohio: US ​House of Representatives, District 3

Joyce Beatty (10/16/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Ohio: US House of Representatives, District 8

Matthew Guyette (4/4/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Corporations are not people and money is not speech. Our current campaign finance laws amount to legalized bribery."


Ohio: US House of Representatives, District 8

William Ebben (4/5/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I believe Citizen's United is an absolute disgrace. I'll believe corporation are citizens when Texas puts a corporation to death by lethal injection. Mitt Romney said, "Corporations are people too." We need to stop this wrongheaded idea as soon as possible.I will use every means possible to resolve these issues in favor of human beings and democracy."


Ohio: US House of Representatives, District 8

Dr. Vanessa Enoch (10/7/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will either propose or support legislation to get dark money out of politics. I don’t take corporate PAC money, so I won’t be beholden to anyone, but the people."


Ohio: US House of Representatives, District 10

Michael Milisits (4/4/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"If elected to the US House of Representatives, I would sign on as a co-sponsor to HJR 48. The notion that corporations are people dates back to the Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad decision, where a clerk of the court added a note in the margin that stated the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment applied to corporations, which ended up as part of the decision. This situation has to be remedied. I will work toward legislation for public financing of elections and repealing corporate personhood. People should decide elections, not large corporate interests."


Ohio: US House of Representatives, District 10

John Anderson (4/4/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will sponsor or co sponsor the required constitutional amendment as a member of Congress if I am elected."


Ohio: US House of Representatives, District 12

Joe Manchik (8/22/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Once elected, I will co-sponsor HJR 48 in the U.S. House of Representatives. But I will also go beyond HJR 48 and sponsor legislation in the U.S House that will lead to an Amendment to the Constitution of the United States that will totally reverse the 2010 Supreme Court decision on Citizens United v. FEC and completely eliminate the concept of corporate personhood in America that the Supreme Court's decision on Citizens United v. FEC created in America."


Ohio: US House of Representatives, District 15

Rob Jarvis (3/29/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Ohio: US House of Representatives, District 26

Steve Dodge (9/25/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Ohio: State Senate, Distri​ct 5

Paul Bradley (9/29/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I would be willing to cosponsor legislation to end corporate constitutional rights and to remove big money from Ohio politics"


Ohio: State Senate, District 19

David Gary Cox (7/27/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"i will advocate that ohio call for a state and federal constitutional convention, at both the state and federal levels, to amend the constitution so that it reverses and vacates citizen united and its progeny.

i will also attempt to introduce legislation at the state level to amend revised code title 35 to prohibit any political candidate's financial committee from accepting any contribution of any kind, like-kind loans, etc., from anyone except a qualified voter. in other words, if the contributor can't vote, it can't contribute.

finally, i will keep this issue on the fore front by informing the press of what is going on inside the state house."


Ohio: State House, District 7

Aziz Ahmad (4/9/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Ohio: State House, District 8

Kent Smith (4/8/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No


Ohio: State House, District 39

Walter Hickman (4/6/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No


Ohio: State House, District 40

Albert Griggs, Jr. (4/15/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"By supporting move to amend legislation in the Ohio State House of Representatives."


Ohio: State House, District 43

Dan Foley (4/2/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I'll also push for more fair congressional districts after the 2020 census. Too often, gerrymandering makes elected officials more fearful of a primary campaign and less likely to work for the common good. This, combined with large amounts of money, results in bad policy that does not represent the wish of voters to solve real problems."


Ohio: State House, District 73

Kim McCarthy (2018)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Ohio: Governor

Dennis Kucinich (3/29/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Ohio: Governor

Constance Gadell-Newton (9/19/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Support the work of Move To Amend."


Ohio: State Lieutenant Governor

Tara Samples (4/24/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Ohio: State Lieutenant Governor

Brett Joseph (10/8/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will work with my gubernatorial running mate Constance Gadell-Newton to include the Move to Amend constitutional amendment among our Administration's legislative proposals and advocate for its passage by the Ohio General Assembly. We will end the practice of "pay for play" in issuing government contracts and making appointments to the heads and offices of administrative agencies and commissions of the State of Ohio. We will issue executive orders requiring full transparency of financial transactions throughout the State government. We will support a constitutional amendment and legislation to end State pre-emption of community rights where local governments enact resolutions more protective of health and safety than the corresponding state standards. We will act immediately to end agency "capture" of narrow industry interests by clarifying and revising agency mandates and placing the public interest first. We will advance legislation to require disclosure of equity ownership of all corporations and to extend and affirm the rights of people, communities and the rights of Nature as a limitation of not only government power, but the power of corporations chartered by the State of Ohio. Corporations exist only by virtue of a government charter, and their legal status as entities is therefore derived from the State. Therefore, the same inalienable rights and constitutional protections that individuals have against over-reach by state government should be recognized as against actions by "private" corporations engaged in quasi-governmental activities such as use of private security forces, or wholesale suppression of employee's free speech, that are equivalent to the exercise of government power. Our Administration will advance legislation, issue executive orders, and make appointment and budgetary decisions that uphold the principle that corporations are associations of individuals who possess inalienable rights, but other than having legal standing to sue or be sued, they have no claim to constitutionally protected rights equivalent to the inalienable rights of living breathing human beings."


Ohio: State Auditor

Zachary Space (9/26/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my personal facilities to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Ohio: Mayor, City of Newburgh Heights

Trevor Elkins (9/26/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Ohio: Montgomery County Commissioner

Don Shaffer (4/11/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Support the work of Move To Amend."


Ohio: Dayton City Council

Darryl Fairchild (9/29/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Ohio: Columbus City Council

Will Petrik (10/15/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Our democracy is broken at every level -- including City Hall in Columbus. Most decisions that directly impact our lives are made by a handful of ultra-wealthy elites. More and more people feel that the system is rigged and that their voice is not heard.

Columbus will never have an economy that works for all of us until we get big money out of politics. We need strict campaign contribution limits and comprehensive campaign finance reform at the local level. We need to build a democracy where every voice matters.

I support Move the Amend, and I'll use my office to continue to speak out in opposition to Citizens United. We need to stop political bribery by making it illegal for lobbyists to lobby a politician and donate to their campaign. You can lobby, or you can donate, but you can't do both.

We need to end secret money so Americans know who is buying political power. Finally, we need to fix our broken elections so the people, not the political establishment, are the ones in control. I support the passage of the We the People Amendment, and I pledge to work with the local Move to Amend chapter to pass money out of politics legislation at the local level in Columbus."


Ohio: Lakewood 1G Central Committee

Steven Norris (3/30/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Raise awareness of amending the US Constitution to fight big money in politics and corporate constitutional rights."


OREGON

Oregon: US House of Representatives, District 1

Eldon Rollins (9/17/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I'm not familiar enough with the options to answer this question definitively."


Oregon: US House of Representatives, District 2

Jamie McLeod-Skinner (9/7/18, 9/26/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I support campaign finance reform including overturning Citizens United. I am committed to accepting no corporate PAC dollars and have funded my campaign through donations from individuals and organizations. I have a track record of fighting corporate welfare: when I served on the Santa Clara City Council (CA), I said "no" to the a professional football team trying to get the city to subsidize them with a $1.2 billion stadium — I took the heat for standing tall, but I believe that an elected official should serve the interests of their constituents, not corporations."


Oregon: US House of Representatives, District 3

Marc Koller (12/7/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"If elected I will use every resource available to me to keep this legislation at the forefront of our government's agenda."


Oregon: US House of Representatives, District 5

Peter Wright (4/20/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Gather support through conversations. Support any and all legislation that chips away at 'corporate personhood' and that promotes one-person/one-vote"


Oregon: State Senate, District 6

Robert Schwartz (9/16/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"In Oregon we do lots of legislation through referendum. I will do my best to start the referendum process cross in the event I win the race."


Oregon: State House, District 24

Ken Moore (9/16/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment. See my webpage MooreforOregon.com, the Reining in Corporate Power page."


Oregon: State House, District 30

Kyle Markley (9/16/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will not! Corporations, like other forms of associations of natural persons, are made of, controlled by, and operated by and for the benefit of natural persons -- none of whom relinquish any part of their natural rights in order to associate with others.

The right of free speech includes, most essentially, the right to speak about politics and elections. A limit on money used for political speech is in fact a limit on political speech itself. It is vile and evil censorship to silence anyone's political speech, even if they are rich. We would recoil at the thought of prohibiting the distribution of a book, in general. We should still recoil at the thought of prohibiting an eccentric billionaire from authoring a political book and mailing everyone in their district a free copy.

We already have one person, one vote. Corporations do not vote. Unions do not vote. PACs do not vote. Only individuals vote. We should not limit any individual's speech, to any extent, even if they speak in association with others."


Oregon: State House, District 32

Brian Halvorsen (12/10/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I support the current petition effort in Oregon, known as IP 28, which would limit money in Oregon elections. I have personally been gathering signatures for the initiative.

Furthermore if elected I would sponsor a House Joint Memorial calling for an article V constitutional convention overturning Citizens United and declaring that money is not free speech.

Finally I'll use my office to call out politicians who are standing in the way of campaign finance reform and will work with grassroots groups like Move to Amend to try to get them to change their position."


Oregon: State House, District 32

Randell Carlson (10/5/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I seek to end or reduce bipartisan labeling as well as party contributions in election processes."


Oregon: State House, District 34

Joshua Johnston (9/16/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Though I would only be in a position to suport this movement from the state level. I would be vocal about this change being needed at just about every opportunity. I feel that Citzens United et al has created a stranglehold on our economy, stunted growth and removed free competition."


Oregon: State House, District 56

Taylor Tupper (10/14/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Oregon: State House, District 59

Darcy Long-Curtiss (9/30/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will vote for legislation in the Oregon House that supports passage of the 28th amendment, as well as legislation to limit corporate contributions and make sure the source of funds is always clear. I will also support other organizations who pass resolutions in support of the same goal."


Oregon: Governor

Patrick Starnes (9/15/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I pledge that in my first hundred days I will sign NO other legislation until we have campaign finance reform. I have clearly run on this issue and have limited my own donors to $100 per person while accepting NO billionaire money, PAC money nor corporate money."


Oregon: Portland City Council

Julia DeGraw (12/17/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I'm not certain all of the ways the City of Portland can support, but I will at least support passing a resolution urging Congress to pass the We the People Amendment. I will also speak publicly in favor of Move to Amend during my campaign and while in elected office."


Oregon: Metro, District 4

Dana Carstensen (12/17/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"If there is any way I could promote or create a publicly financed system like Seattle's Democracy Voucher to undermine big politics, I'd love to give it a shot."


PENNSYLVANIA

Pennsylvania: US Senate

Neal Gale (8/31/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will support a constitutional amendment repealing the 2010 Citizens United ruling and advocate for the tenets of the American Anti-Corruption Act. Specifically, make it illegal for politicians to take money from lobbyists, end secret money by disclosing political money online, and enforcing the rules governing PAC coordination with campaigns."


Pennsylvania: US Senate

Dale Kerns (9/19/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"While I will not end corporate constitutional rights, I will end big money in politics by reducing the size and scope of government control. The largest reason major corporations invest so much money in politics is because they see how much power government has over their operations. When they see that government no longer has this power, there will be no need for them to any longer invest billions of dollars. Crony capitalism and corporatism are serious concerns to our Republic, and they deserve to be addressed."


Pennsylvania: US House of Representatives, District 1

Rachel Reddick (2/9/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"If elected, I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment. I will work to shed light on corporate influence in our elections and the need to ensure every citizen's vote is valued equally and is heard at the ballot box."


Pennsylvania​: US House of Representatives, District 1

Steve Bacher (4/23/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will advocate for, introduce and support legislation and constitutional amendments to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics."


Pennsylvania: US House of Representatives, District 11

Jessica King (3/26/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Free and fair elections are essential to an American democracy that works for all of us. But right now, Washington is rigged for the rich and powerful. On every issue we care about, from healthcare to gun safety to climate change to taxes, politicians are pulled to favor the wealthiest by armies of lobbyists and corporate donors who fund campaigns and SuperPACs. We need to end the corruption of big money in our politics.

Our campaign is funded by thousands of grassroots donors, and we reject money from corporate SuperPACs and the fossil fuel industry. If elected, I will advocate for a reformation of our campaign finance system and our lobbying laws, including:

Cosponsoring the Democracy for All Amendment that would overturn Citizens United, Buckley vs. Valeo, and McCutcheon vs. the FEC.
Cosponsoring the Government by the People Act (H.R. 20) that would establish a system of publicly funded federal elections.
Crafting legislation that requires that publicly traded companies disclose all political spending to the Securities and Exchange Commission."


Pennsylvania: State Senate, District 16

Mark Pinsley (10/24/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will use my votes to help make this happen in PA"


Pennsylvania: State Senate, District 20

Jay Sweeney (5/1/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will publicly speak against corporate personhood and money as speech. I will take no corporate money for my campaign.


Pennsylvania: State House, District 24

William Anderson (4/16/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I understand the undue influence in our political system. It is up to elected officials to hold themselves to a higher standard by banning dark money from politics and limiting the amounts corporations and developers can donate to campaigns. I will go further and ban all gifts and special considerations by staffers. We will only take back our Democracy when it is not sold to the highest bidder."


Pennsylvania: Philadelphia District Attorney

Larry Krasner (11/2/17)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"The District Attorney of Philadelphia is tasked with prosecuting criminal violations of state law, which it should do evenhandedly, without regard for wealth or power. It is possible to prosecute corporate officials, individually, and in some circumstances corporations themselves for violating these laws. While I disagree philosophically with the expansion of many of the rights of natural personhood to corporations, I believe that if corporations receive the freedoms that real people have, then they should be subject to the same penalties when they act criminally, at least to the extent logically possible.

The District Attorney is also responsible for developing, often in partnership with other agencies, programs such as diversion of people charged with drug-related violations to treatment, various crime reduction efforts, victim services and the like. Because I strongly believe in the duty of the DA’s Office to pursue justice on behalf of the people, I will resist corporate influence and privatization efforts that would use our programs for private profit rather than the public good."


RHODE ISLAND

Rhode Island: State Governor

Paul Roselli (4/29/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Rhode Island: Lieutenant Governor ​

Aaron Regunberg (4/30/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


SOUTH CAROLINA

South Carolina: US House of Representatives, District 6

Bryan Pugh (4/22/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Getting money out of politics is a main segment of my platform. From day 1 I structured my campaign to not rely on corporate donations and I will not accept them. I will legislate and work with any bills to accomplish this task. If the House is flipped this November and we have enough progressive candidates holding office we should be able to pass these bills regardless of the current administration's disapproval. One progressive politician is not enough to get a bill passed but I will lend my support to get this through.

I also support single-payer healthcare and a living wage which is increased with inflation. I support reworking our prison for profit system and recognize that the system needs to be replaced. I am pro-legalization and decriminalization of marijuana. I support legislation to equalize the rights of all, we should all be equal under the eyes of the law."


TENNESSEE

Tennessee: US House of Representatives, District 2

Renee Hoyos (9/11/18, 9/26/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I am not accepting PAC money during my campaign and have stated publicly that we need to overturn Citizens United."


Tennessee: US House of Representatives, District 7

Dawn Barlow (9/26/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Tennessee: US House of Representatives, District 7

Brent Legendre (9/27/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"My whole purpose for running without accepting campaign contributions from anyone was for this very purpose. That I would not be put in a position to have to repay a donation with a vote. Our government has become self serving - meaning, there is much personal gain by individuals and entities because of the corrupt influence money has in politics. I will support any legislation or amendment that positively affects real change in the way campaigns are financed."


Tennessee: US House of Representatives, District 7

Leonard Ladner (9/29/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

"The Constitution of these United States and its Bill of Rights was written by geniuses and is being destroyed by idiots. The original Bill of Rights first 10 amendments was written to PROTECT the citizens of these United States from the government and abuses by the government. Then a bunch of treasonous bastards came up with the idea of using the Bill of Rights to increase the size, cost, reach and power of the Federal government. Look at the Fourteenth, Sixteenth and Seventeenth amendments.

Now If elected to the House of Representatives I will introduce legislation to nullify the Fourteenth, Sixteenth and Seventeenth Amendments.

Thank you"


TEXAS

Texas: US House of Representatives, District 1

Jeff Callaway (9/27/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will personally pen a bill to make this happen as well as speaking out publicly. Corporations and their money have no place in politics. I am for the people not corporations!"


Texas: US House of Representatives, District 4

Ken Ashby (9/7/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

"Unlike my two old-party opponents, I take no PAC money or donations over $100 in my campaign. Libertarians are the only ones who oppose subsidies to corporations and special interests, on principle.

One example of big money in politics is Republicans and Democrats in Congress redistributing $500 million each year from taxpayers to the Planned Parenthood corporation. But when taxpayers organize a group to fight against corporate welfare, they are considered by MTA as an "artificial entity" with no right to speak out. That is total BS!!!

I cannot support the proposed 28th Amendment because it nullifies constitutional protections, including the First Amendment freedoms of religion, speech, press, assembly and petition. People have basic human rights both as individuals and as members of any group they choose to join. We do not lose those rights by working together in a church, company, union, non-profit, partnership or marriage.

The reason there is big money in politics is because the government hands out big money. How about having a constitutional amendment to prohibit those who contribute to campaigns from getting any special benefit from the government? That might actually work!"


Texas: US House of Representatives, District 4

Catherine Krantz (9/28/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will champion to end Citizens United,impose term limits, make campaign finance more transparent and get big money out of politics."


Texas: US House of Representatives, District 10

Mike Siegel (9/26/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Texas: US House of Representatives, District 10

Mike Ryan (10/2/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I have already signed the pledge for the Constitution of States. I also support a presidential line item veto which would end special interest lobbying and omnibus bills. I will support this, if elected, by introducing a bill in Congress."

 


Texas: US House of Representatives, District 16

Samuel Williams (8/29/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"• Get government out of education
• Eliminate Common core and government mandated annual testing
• Cap College Loans at 2% and increase financial threshold for Pell grants"


Texas: US House of Representatives, District 16

Ben Mendoza (9/6/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

"Will file a bill to outlaw Political Action Committees"


Texas: US House of Representatives, District 19

Miguel Levario (8/29/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I believe it is important that we keep our democracy with the people and out of corporations and dark money. Moreover, we need strong campaign finance reform that includes donor disclosure and contribution caps."


Texas: US House of Representatives, District 21

Joseph Kopser (10/9/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will support various measures to get big money out of politics, including but not limited to those listed here and on my website. I’ll work to increase transparency requirements for outside groups. This would include increased disclosure rules that require frequent filing deadlines and mandatory 24 hour reporting for large contributions. I’ll support innovative public funding for elections, along the lines laid out by Representative Sarbanes’ Government by the People Act. I would also support Senator Tammy Duckworth and Representative Elijah Cummings’ legislation, called the Financial Services Conflict of Interest Act, which would ban wealthy corporations from giving excessive compensation to employees who leave for corporate jobs."


Texas: US House of Representatives, District 24

Jan McDowell (9/7/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I believe that we as a nation should be what we say we are...a government of the people, by the people and for the people. Not of the money, by the money and for the money. There should be no confusion that a Congressional representative is accountable to the people of the district, not the corporations. When people recommend term limits, I always counter with the idea that if gerrymandering were eliminated, and if campaign financing laws were strengthened, there would not be a need for term limits. Voting in truly fair elections would allow voters to handle "limiting" elected officials who were not doing their jobs. And a representative who is doing an outstanding job would not be pushed aside just because the "time is up.""


Texas: US House of Representatives, District 24

Mike Kolls (8/28/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

"Artificial persons - corporations and limited liability have been abused. It seems that they are a protected class that disadvantages We The People. I would be part of the discussion on general legal reform and seriously consider removing limited liability and redefining corporations as more accountable.

BIG money - Why is this commonly accepted political "wisdom"? Ideas and platforms should rule elections, NOT war chests. It is impossible to legislate BIG money away. Also, I cannot see how to enforce a ban of a large contributions - it would be cost prohibitive. Somehow, candidate with new ideas that resonate with The People need a voice. Is the solution a truly free press? How do We The People convince politicians that campaign spending is wasted? How do We The People demand a focus on the issues.
Besides, politicians will NOT enact laws/rules that restrict their ability to limit their chance of being re-elected. We The People have to stand on principle and tell them to focus on the issues and ideas."


UTAH

Utah: US House of Representatives, District 2

Shireen Ghorbani (9/25/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"Already in my campaign, I am not accepting corporate PAC dollars and would not accept them once elected, either. There are a number of different ways proposed that would help this and I support the efforts of this group as well as End Citizens United, whose endorsement I already have."


VIRGINIA

Virginia: US House of Representatives, District 6

Michael Frend (4/9/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I will propose and support all efforts to amend the constitution to remove all corporate influence."


WASHINGTON

Washington: US Senate

Roque DeLaFuente (7/21/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."


Washington: US House of Representatives, District 8

Jason Rittereiser (3/9/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Washington: US House of Representatives, District 8

Dr. Shannon Hader (3/9/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Washington: State House, District 24A

Mike Chapman (9/17/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"I also support public finance for all candidates for office."


Washington: State House, District 24B

Steve Tharinger (9/17/18)

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

"This is an important issue for the vitality of our democracy."