2016 Pledge to Amend Candidate Responses

Use the chart below to jump down to the candidates' responses from your state. If your state does not have a link in the table, it means we have no candidate responses from your state at this time.

All candidates in each race listed were given the questions with the same amount of time to respond. If responses from some candidates are not below, it means that they chose not to respond to our questionnaire. We will continue to accept and post responses up to the day of the election.

If you are a candidate and would like to submit a response, or if you would like to encourage candidates missing from below to respond, please use this link. We will update this page with new responses every few days.

If you have corrections to the information below, please write to affiliate-support [at] movetoamend.org (subject: Pledge%20to%20Amend) . If you have questions about Move to Amend's 2016 Pledge to Amend campaign, please call our office at 916-318-8040.

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California
Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia
Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa
Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland
Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri
Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey
New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio
Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina
South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont
Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

CANDIDATES FOR PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Dr. Jill Stein

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will publicly endorse and support the We the People Amendment, House Joint Resolution 48, and Move to Amend.

The 2010 Supreme Court Citizens United decision was wrongly decided and must be overturned. But the problems of corporate constitutional rights and money in politics began before Citizens United. Overturning one court decision is not enough. We must abolish the court-created doctrine of "corporate constitutional rights" and "money equals political speech".



ALABAMA

Alabama: U.S. House of Representatives, District 5

Dr. Will Boyd

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

When elected, I will propose, sponsor and co-sponsor legislation to abolish corporate constitutional rights and get big money out of politics so that American voters have a truly representative government with public servant-leaders who are accountable to their constituents.

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ALASKA

 

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ARIZONA

Arizona: State Senate, District 11

Ralph Atchue

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Whenever and wherever I will educate and influence voters to be aware of the danger to democracy that exists when unregulated amounts of money drive our elective and political processes. I will support all legislative efforts to abolish corporate constitutional rights. I will support all legislation intended to reduce the influence of anonymous funding of election campaigns directly and indirectly via non-profits.


Arizona: State Senate, District 22

Michael Muscato

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

As an elected official I will work to keep Arizona's Clean Election process available to all candidates and support, promote, and advance legislation which opposes "dark money". As a candidate I chose to run my own campaign through Clean Elections. I will encourage more candidates to do so, encourage more voters to support candidates who run clean, and work hard to end citizens united.


Arizona: State House of Representatives, District 1

Haryashka Gregor Knauer

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Educating, caucusing, drafting legislation and resolutions, supporting other candidates and officeholders who also promote a 28th amendment.


Arizona: State House of Representatives, District 3

Edward Cizek

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Beyond pushing for a Constitutional Amendment to overturn Citizens United and joining 17 other states calling for a Convention to this effect, I want to reform our democracy away from the entrenched two-party system which limits people's choices regarding elected officials and which leaves the people with a small number of choices, all or nearly all of whom are bought by corporations, lobbyists, and other moneyed interests. I will fight against cronyism and earmarks and other 'economic incentives' given to corporations and the wealthy, and I pledge to refuse all campaign money and 'gifts' from the same, even when doing so might harm me politically. And I pledge to work to un-rig an economic, legal, and political system where 62 people control more wealth than the bottom half of the population.


Arizona: State House of Representatives, District 9

Matt Kopec

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I have a voting record opposing expanding money in politics. I voted against SB1516, which reduces transparency and makes abuse easier. My record opposing dark money will continue.


Arizona: State House of Representatives, District 9

Pamela Powers Hannley

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

A large part of my platform focuses on economic reform. The Arizona budget is strapped because the state is giving away $4 billion a year in corporate welfare and plans to continue doing this annually. Consequently, Arizona doesn't have the money to pay for quality education, solid infrastructure, and sustainable economic development. I want to fight for workers and families in the Legislature-- not big corporations or big-money donors. I am running as a Clean Elections candidate. I am actively campaigning against big money politics.I believe the Clean Elections system should be strengthened and broaden to allow Clean Elections at all levels of government in Arizona. Strengthening Clean Elections would give Arizonans a voice.

 


Arizona: State House of Representatives, District LD 16

Sharon Stinard

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will work to reverse state legislation that permits dark money to influence Arizona's budget, lawmaking and elections. Unethical legislation such as SB1516 reduces transparency and make abuses harder to detect in Arizona's elections. Requiring contributions to be disclosed would benefit transparency and accountability.


Arizona: State House of Representatives, District 18

Linda Macias

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I am a Green Party candidate. We take no corporate, union, or super pac money. We take only individual donations.


Arizona: State House of Representatives, District 21

Deanna Rasmussen-Lacotta

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I have already been getting signature from voters in Arizona to overturn a State Law 1516 that allows any entity to give funds to candidates without disclosing who they are or how much they gave. We in the Democratic party will carry out a campaign to put a measure on the next ballot in 2017 to rescind this law.

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ARKANSAS

Arkansas: U.S. House of Representatives, District 1

Mark West

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will use my office, if elected, to end the influence of corporations and big banks by working to end several layers of Congressional function that create that bad relationship.

I will work for Congressional Term Limits, which will make Congress more apt to do the right thing as opposed to doing the wrong thing in order to fund a re-election campaign. I will work to end ear-marks and require that bills are single-item. I will work to eliminate corporate cronyism and vote against bills that play favorites with the market.

I will not be taking any corporate money in my campaign.

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CALIFORNIA


California: Albany Unified School District School Board

Kim Trutane

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I have just found out about the Pledge to Amend. Although I have long thought that this is a fundamental problem in the U.S., I need to think deeply about how to act on the Pledge in an appropriate and effective way. I intend to let my adult friends know about this campaign.


California: Emeryville City Council

Ally Medina

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will publicly support overturning Citizens United.


California: Emeryville City Council

John Van Geffen

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.

RESPONSE: Yes


California: Albany City Council

Amber Whitson

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will support any measures/legislation which will disentangle corporate fingers from the throat of our society. Business has no place in our Healthcare, Education, Justice or Government systems.


California: Albany City Council

Nick Pilch

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will support local, state and federal regulation and re-introduce campaign finance limits into our local City Government Code.


California: Sonoma City Council

Jack Wagner

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will propose the passing of a local Resolution in support of HJR 48 and urging our Representative (& Senators) to co-sponsor & support the bill.


California: Oakland City Council

Noni Session

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.

RESPONSE: Yes


California: Berkeley City Council

Fred Dodsworth

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


California: Ojai City Council

Severo Lara

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?
I support the notion to end corporate constitutional rights. My current elected office does not have any power on making any changes to this notion. In the past, our city council has passed a resolution in support of ending corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics.
 


California: Oakland City Council

Rebecca Kaplan

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?
I support the notion to end corporate constitutional rights. My current elected office does not have any power on making any changes to this notion. In the past, our city council has passed a resolution in support of ending corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics.


California: Willits City Council

Madge Strong

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

We already passed a resolution and I supported our County advisory initiative measure.


California: State Senate, District 9

Nancy Skinner

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I strongly support California's Prop 59 which will call on the legislature to work to overturn the Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission decision, potentially through an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, in order to allow more restrictions on campaign spending and declare that corporations do not have the rights of individual persons. I encourage my supporters and the residents of Senate District 9 to vote YES on Prop 59.

As an Assemblymember in 2014, I voted on CA Senate Bill 1272 to permit the voters to oppose Citizens United. This bill was the first step in bringing Prop 59 to the voters.

I oppose the influence of money in politics and will work to educate my constituents about the harmful impacts of money in politics. I believe in public financing of elections and will work toward making this a reality.


California: State Senate, District 11

Jane Kim

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

As a candidate for public office, my choice to work towards ending corporate constitutional rights and eliminating big money from politics begins with the way I organize, staff, and fund my campaign. I have worked as a public servant in San Francisco 10 years now and have built a strong base of grassroots support, which allows me to run for State Senate on my record and message rather than the funding of a few large donors.

My opponent declined to sign Elizabeth Warren’s People’s Pledge, and his campaign will be bolstered by corporations and so-called independent expenditure groups. My opponent also declined the voluntary expenditure limit and will likely spend more than $2 million on his campaign. He does not get to put a candidate statement in the voter handbook, as a result.

I am committed to fighting against corporate special interests. I will speak out against a corrupt campaign finance system that has transferred political power away from the many and into the hands of the privileged few. I will also advocate for overturning Citizens United and will work with my colleagues to support legislation focused on reforming California’s campaign finance laws in particular.


California: State House of Representatives, District 4

Cecilia Aguiar-Curry

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment."

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will use my position as Assemblywoman to speak out against corporate excesses and the undo influences of money in politics, and I will urge passage of an Amendment to the Constitution stating unequivocally that corporations do not have the rights of citizens.


California: State House of Representatives, District 25

Kansen Chu

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

In addition to supporting SB 254 which places before the voters an initiative to support a constitutional amendment overturning the disastrous Citizens United v. FEC decision, I've also been proud to support and co-author legislation increasing oversight and accountability of money in politics in California and allowing for publicly funded local elections.


California: State House of Representatives, District 76

Thomas Krouse

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will continue to support efforts to remove or reduce the corrupting influence of money in government and in elections. Examples of these efforts include the California Clean Money Campaign, good governance initiatives supported by groups such as the California League of Conservation Voters, and California Proposition 54 (November 2016).


California: U.S. House of Representatives, District 5

Nils Palssen

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

When elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, I will introduce, sponsor and support legislation (including the We the People Amendment) to get money out of politics, affirming that corporations are not people, that money is not speech, and that campaign contributions must be regulated to ensure fair elections. Getting money out of politics is Issue Number One for me, as it relates to nearly every other issue that exists. We, the people, must be represented in Congress -- not the wealthiest donors and corporations whose PACs are able to unfairly influence decision-makers. We, the People, have had enough.


California: U.S. House of Representatives, District 07

Dr. Ami Bera

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I’ve supported legislation requiring political organizations to disclose their dark entities, donors, spending, and legislation in order to prevent Super PACs from drowning out small donors.

I have also co-sponsored the Government by the People Act, which would empower more grassroots donors to support a candidate that represents their interests.


California: U.S. House of Representatives, District 23

Wendy Reed

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Corporations are not human beings and spending money on political campaigns is not free speech. Period.


California: U.S. House of Representatives, District 22

Louie Campos

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will introduce legislation to amend the Constitution explicitly declaring that businesses and corporations are not sentient beings and are not people. Until this step is taken all other measures become subject to the interpretation of the court and there are no guarantees that the court will follow the intent or will of the legislative branch.


California: U.S. House of Representatives, District 27

Judy Chu

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I am committed to overturning Citizens United and ensuring that our government does not go to the highest bidder. I believe we must reform our campaign finance system, so working and middle class families can have a fair and equal say in their government. In Congress, I have cosponsored and supported the following bills:
The Democracy of All Amendment: This resolution would amend the constitution and reverse the Citizens United decision.
The Government By the People Act: This bill would provide the American people and political candidates with the tools they need to compete against big-money politics. It would increase the power of the small contributions that ordinary citizens can afford to give and democratizes the influence of money in politics.
The Democracy is Strengthened by Casting Light on Spending in Elections Act (Disclose) Act: I have been a strong supporter of the Disclose Act since it was introduced in 2010. This bill would increase transparency and disclosure of political spending by requiring corporations, unions, other outside groups and SuperPACs to disclose contributions they receive of $10,000 or more. They would also be required to “stand by their ad” and disclose their support for ads in the media.


California: U.S. House of Representatives, District 40

Roman Gonzalez

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will work on legislation to stop corporate and labor union contributions to national political campaigns. Until then, I lead by example by not taking money from big corporations or labor unions, unlike my opponent Rep. Roybal-Allard


California: U.S. House of Representatives, District 44

Nanette Barragan

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I think it is imperative to fight the influence of big-money corporate interests in our elections and government. I know firsthand because my opponent is one of the biggest pay-to-play politicians in California’s state legislature. My opponent is a top recipient of tobacco contributions in Sacramento, where he worked to weaken tobacco legislation as the chair of the commission regulating tobacco. He is also a top recipient of oil company donations, shedding light on why he sides with Big Oil on environmental legislation designed to limit pollution and fight climate change. Currently corporations cannot individually contribute to federal candidates, but Citizens United creates a loopholes for such corporations who otherwise cannot donate to be infused in federal campaigns as “dark money”. Not only does this result in a failure of transparency but it also leads to increase corruption.

We need to end this pay-to-play politics and big money influence. I will be a vocal and active advocate to support the following measures and its concepts:
• A Constitutional Amendment to undo Citizens United
• California’s clean money campaign
• Legislation to make the FCC database of tv ad spending more transparent.  Transparency in elections is key so voters have the tools to make informed decisions and better assess any bias behind campaign messaging and activity.
• Legislation requiring dark money groups to disclose their donors and spending when they engage in campaign activity.
• Government by the People Act
• Disclose Act
• Keeping our Campaign Honest  (K.O.C.H) Act
• Fair Elections Now Act
• Democracy for All Amendment


California: U.S. House of Representatives, District 45

John Varasteh

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will support a constitutional amendment to define that Corporations are not people and money is not speech. I will also use my office to promote this sentiment.


California: U.S. House of Representatives, District 49

Doug Applegate

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Citizens United has corrupted the American political system by allowing an unprecedented influx of money from corporations and wealthy Americans in elections. The political process that Citizens United has created is not the system that we need, one that works for the people. If elected, I will work tirelessly to give voice back to the millions of Americans who have been silenced by the special interests of the powerful and the wealthy. We must create equality in our elections and remove the big money that is eroding them. I will support a Constitutional amendment that overturns Citizens United. I will also advocate for and support legislation that reforms our electoral system to give an equal voice to every person. Our government is supposed to be of the people, for the people, and by the people- not for special interests and corporations.

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COLORADO

Colorado: U.S. House of Representatives, District 2

Jared Polis

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I have already taken action to overturn Citizens United and establish a system of public financing for campaigns. I am a Co-Sponsor of a Constitutional Amendment to Overturn Citizen United. I am an original cosponsor of the campaign finance bills:

- Grassroots Democracy Act - The Grassroots Democracy Act (H.R. 268), would establish a multiple matching, tiered system of public campaign financing.
- Empowering Citizens Act - The Empowering Citizens Act (H.R. 270), would match individual contributions at a 5-to-1 ratio with public funds; eliminate candidate-specific Super PACs; and prohibit candidates from fundraising for Super PACs.
- Fair Elections Now Act (FENA) - The Fair Elections Now Act (FENA) (H.R. 269), would provide matching payments to candidates for certain small dollar contributions; establish contribution, expenditure, and fundraising requirements.

I will continue to do what I can to return elections back to the hands of the people and end corporate control of elections.


Colorado: U.S. House of Representatives, District 4

Bob Seay

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will work to overturn Citizens United and for the ultimate goal of publicly funded elections.

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CONNECTICUT

Connecticut: U.S. House of Representatives, District 4

Jim Himes

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

As a member of the United States House of Representatives, I supported the “Democracy for All” constitutional amendment to make it clear that corporations are not people and do not deserve the same rights and access to the political system as citizens. Money plays an outsize role in politics and I will continue to work diligently with my constituents and any group who agrees that power should lie in the franchise and not in deep pockets.

I also cosponsored the DISCLOSE Act, which would strengthen the reporting requirements for outside groups that wanted to donate money to political campaigns. In addition, I was an original cosponsor of both the Government by the People Act, which would allow small tax credits for individuals making political contributions and as well as a publicly funded matching system and the Close the Floodgates Act, which would rein in the total amount that individuals can contribute each cycle. If fortunate enough to be reelected, I will continue to support measures like these in the 115th Congress.

Additional Comments:

We need less money in our politics, not more. The Citizens United decision has unleashed a torrent of money into our political system at a time when large donors already have far too much influence. As a cosponsor a constitutional amendments to overturn Citizens United and a strong supporter of public financing for political campaigns, I will continue doing everything I can to level the playing field for the millions of American voters whose voices are being muted.

 

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DELAWARE

Delaware: U.S. House of Representatives

Sean Barney

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I enlisted in the Marines to serve a democracy, not an oligarchy. But six years after Citizens United, our democracy is in real trouble. Our campaign finance system is rigged in favor of big donors and corporations. Moneyed special interests in Washington routinely block common sense legislation supported by the vast majority of the American people. Progress on issues like gun control, the minimum wage, prescription drugs, and climate change, has been halted or reversed by these powerful interests.

Restoring our government’s ability to represent and get results for ordinary people will require an extraordinary effort. That is why the first policy proposal I released in this campaign was a comprehensive democracy reform proposal aimed not only at overturning Citizens United, but making fundamental reforms to return our democracy to the people.

In Congress, I will introduce legislation to establish a 6-1 public match for all campaign contributions under $175, giving teachers and mechanics the kind of influence now reserved for CEOs and lobbyists. Second, I will back a modern-day Voting Rights bill to prevent states from creating new obstacles to voting, especially those affecting people of color. Third, I will fight to require that congressional districts be drawn by independent, non-partisan redistricting commissions to end the partisan gerrymandering that is fueling division and stalemate in Washington.

You can read my full democracy reform proposal at http://www.seanbarneyforcongress.com/reform.

Americans are ready to restore our democracy. With your support, I will help lead the charge in Congress.

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FLORIDA

Florida: Charter Review Board, District 1

Arlene Sweeting

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

The County Charter is our local Constitution and lays out the structure and operation of our local government. Through the Charter citizens have the power of initiative, recall and, currently, the power to elect the Charter Review Board. We are the only County in the state with an elected Charter Review Board. I will oppose ongoing attempts to change this board to an appointed board and fight to protect citizen's rights to petition government. Citizens have already placed a $200 campaign contribution limit on local candidates. I support this limit. I also support single member district elections for county-wide candidates to make it more affordable for grassroots candidates to run and win and to make them more accountable once elected.


Florida: Charter Review Board, District 2

Karen Collins-Fleming

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Any way I can.

What is your position on the 2010 Supreme Court's Citizens United Decision?

One of the worst blows to democracy in history. I feel it was the death knell for "we the people" and a huge victory for "we the rich and powerful."


Florida: Charter Review Board, District 3

Tom Patalano

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will promote and encourage amendments to overturn regarding Citizens United Rulings.

What is your position on the 2010 Supreme Court's Citizens United Decision?

Strictly opposed.


Florida: Charter Review Board, District 4

Ramon Porter

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will voice my strong concerns on this issue at public forums.

What is your position on the 2010 Supreme Court's Citizens United Decision?

It was the single biggest mistake in supreme court history!


Florida: Charter Review Board, District 5

Mike Shlasko

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will strongly support existing charter provisions that limit the campaign contributions to $200 for paid county offices and I will strongly advocate for Single Member Districts to allow for grassroots candidates to compete without the need to corporate campaign contributions.

What is your position on the 2010 Supreme Court's Citizens United Decision?

It was the culmination of 150 years of bad court decisions related to corporations. Our founding fathers would be aghast to see how corporate lobbying has distorted the original purpose of incorporation. We need to quickly appoint Supreme Court Justices who will revisit and reverse this decision, and yes, long term, we need a Constitutional Amendment to prevent the courts from ever again losing their way on this issue.


Florida: Hillsborough County Soil and Water Conservation District Supervisor, District 2

Kim O'Connor

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

To support small and family farms to flourish instead of federal funds going to large corporate agri-business. To work for farm workers to have safe and healthy working conditions and a fighting for living wage of $15 per hour.


Florida: North Port City Commission, District 1

Cory Hutchinson

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

Additional comments: I believe that campaign finance needs to be fair, and that big corporations with foul intentions should not be allowed to donate to candidates. I will also support limiting the amount of donations candidates can receive. For example, I would support capping donation limits at $250 per donation, rather than $1000 that is currently allowed in North Port.

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

Additional comments: I believe that big businesses have no business in politics, and candidates should be elected by the people, not by the corporations.

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will support ordinances to cap donation amounts that are given to Commission candidates. I will also support prohibiting developers from donating to candidates, as well as other special interests. North Port does not need to be taken over by candidates with special interest backing, or by big developers looking for a Commission that will for them, instead of for the people.

What is your position on the 2010 Supreme Court's Citizens United Decision?

I do not support allowing corporations and Super PACs the ability to donate and spend any amount they wish on a candidate’s campaign, or on behalf of one candidate. We’ve all seen the countless attack ads spread by these entities during each election cycle. The money being spent to berate other candidates and try to elect some candidates could be spent getting homeless people off the street, veterans the benefits they deserve, and countless other people could receive health care and education that they need. Elections are meant to show the voice of the people, not of the Super PACS and other well-connected individuals or groups. I do not support these donations, and any legislation I can help support or pass in North Port that ends these donations and contributions, I will.


Florida: Manatee County Commission, District 3

David Zaccagnino

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I have always lead by example and currently I am not accepting PAC money, DARK money, and large checks and endorsements from special interest groups. Both of my opponents are doing so in this race and it really circumvents the process of government by the people. I will continue to lead by example.

What is your position on the 2010 Supreme Court's Citizens United Decision?

Not a big fan of the decision.


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 2

Steve Crapps

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I am thinking that we are in big trouble as a country.. We have so many special interest groups and super wealthy people wanting to own the very people who are elected to represent us! What will I do? I will publicly disclose any and everyone who is taking this money.. We the people --- this means us... The regular working people of America who propel this great nation toward ..when integrity is lost we have nothing to offer..


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 2

Rob Lapham

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I won't.

I would consider the issue further if your proposed Amendment recognized and addressed the large sums of money channeled by organized labor.


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 8

Corry Westbrook

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Introduce and/or cosponsor legislation to overturn Citizens United and require greater transparency regarding money's grip on our politicians. For example, lawmakers must publically state if they have taken money from a special interest involved in a vote - the same day as the vote. This will help educate the public regarding why a member is voting a particular way. Such as, if a vote on gun legislation is on the floor, all members must state how much money they have taken from the NRA over their political career. I will also support legislation banning US Representatives from "dialing-for-dollars" while in DC during the 40 hours they are supposed to be doing constituent and national work in Congress.

Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 2

Walter Dartland

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

The Citizens United Supreme Court decision was an insidious affront that has curbed the people’s voice in politics. It allows huge corporate donors to spend vast untraceable sums influencing elections. I’m committed to initiating, cooperating and supporting efforts to stop such “dark money” in politics and to overturn this unprecedented Supreme Court decision.

I have a strong record of fighting for the people’s right to be a force in their own government. I’ve been on the national board of Common Cause and past president of Florida Common Cause. I will keep speaking out about this at every opportunity and in Congress I will support and introduce laws to limit campaign contributions and to trigger a legal challenge to overturn Citizens United.

The huge amounts of money being spent on politics today has corrupted our national and state political system. It’s behind the gridlock that has prevented action on the many challenges that face our country, such as the environment, gun violence, a failing infrastructure, education, the economy and our national safety.

We need politics that work for the people, not the highest bidder. And I’ll practice what I preach: I will accept no donations from Super PACS or PACs that funnel money from hidden sources of influence. Plus, while I’m in Congress I’ll spend 100 percent of my time working for you, not making calls to raise money from fat cat corporate donors seeking to buy influence.


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 4

David Bruderly PE

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

1. I support the Constitutional Amendment to reverse the Citizens United decision and limit the influence of money in the electoral process.
2. A Corporation should NOT have the same Rights as a living, breathing human being; I support enactment of a federal law / Constitutional Amendment to clarify this extremely important legal concept.
3. I support revision of federal law that governs Corporate Charters to embrace the concept of Sustainable Economic Development that recognizes the value of the communities and workforce that makes the business possible as well as the short-term financial interests of investors and management.


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 7

Stephanie Murphy

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

There is too much money in politics, plain and simple. The disastrous Citizens United Supreme Court decision opened the floodgates of dark, special interest money that is damaging our political process and preventing Congress from actually getting results for American families. As a Member of Congress, I will fight to bring more accountability and transparency into our political process, and take the reins of government back from the special interests. I’ll fight to pass campaign finance reform so that we can force Congress to actually listen to the American people - not the lobbyists lining their own pockets.

First and foremost, I will fight to pass a Constitutional Amendment to overturn Citizens United and make clear that corporations aren’t people and don’t have rights. I will also work to require dark money entities to disclose their donors when they engage in political activity to influence an election, including working to pass the DISCLOSE Act and the Keeping Our Campaigns Honest Act (K.O.C.H. Act). Finally, I will fight for stricter ethics requirements on how campaigns and SuperPACs coordinate.


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 8

Bill Stinson

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

The issue concerning big corporation control of policy lies with the Supreme Court ruling in favor of the Citizens United case. The rationale behind this ruling is the right to free speech which is given to all citizens either individually or united in a larger group. I do not like the control that big corporations have over policy and would rather have money spent towards the best interest of the people rather than control of policy. I see the best way to make this happen is to allow free speech to the people's best interest as well. Free speech is a right inherent to our great country so I don't see it likely that we could inhibit that right in any way to a group of people however we might be able to form a coalition to highlight politics in the people's best interest. In the information age that we live in we can light the way to better government to the voting public so that we make the informed voting choice instead of being swayed by big money marketing. Then that money could be put to better use in the US economy!


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 9

Susannah Randolph

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I would support and introduce legislation to overturn Citizens United, and be a vocal advocate for getting corporate money out of politics.


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 10

Geraldine Thompson

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I would advocate that corporations inform the public of funds they expend for lobbying in order that consumers would be aware if dollars they spend are being used for political activity. Additionally, I support ending tax loopholes that reward corporations that send jobs overseas. I would support matching funds for small dollar donations and push for public funding of congressional elections.


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 13

J.R. Gaillot

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 16

Brent King

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

The U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in the Citizens United case is a grave threat to our democracy. Contrary to the ruling in this case, I firmly believe that corporations do not have Constitutional rights equivalent to those of ordinary citizens and that money is not a form of free speech. We need to ensure that all citizens have access to the political process and that their voices are not silenced by those who spend the most money. If elected, I will support HJR 48 and any other similar legislative measures as well as actions taken by Move to Amend to safeguard the rights of the people to participate in our democratically elected form of government and to ensure that those rights are not eclipsed by special interests and big money.


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 17

April Freeman

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

" pledge to sponsor and support legislative efforts to reverse Citizens United.


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 18

Jonathan Chane

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

In my campaign for Congress, I’ve consistently spoken out publicly in support of campaign finance reform.

Here in Florida’s 18th District, the undue influence of the Big Sugar industry has prevented us from cleaning up our environment, and we are now faced with toxic algae blooms caused in large part by fertilizer runoff from their farms. U.S. Sugar and Florida Crystals’ hefty political contributions to politicians on both sides of the aisle have allowed them to pollute our waterways for decades, all while receiving crop subsidies and protectionist trade policies that keep their crops’ value well above fair market value. Their influence in politics at the state and federal level must be curtailed if we are going to solve the environmental crisis impacting Florida’s Treasure Coast.

The good news is, there is strong public support for tougher restrictions on corporate and big money influence in elections here in Florida.

The city of Miami, for example, is about to pass a ballot initiative that institutes a lobbyist gift ban for public officials, limits contributions to small dollar amounts and puts in place a system of public matching funds.

In Congress I will work hard to pass similar legislation at the federal level, and will collaborate with my colleagues at the municipal and state level to see that we spread laws like the one in Miami as far and wide as possible.


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 18

Marilyn Holloman

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 21

W Michael 'Mike' Trout

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Across the spectrum, voters are outraged at the undue influence of special interest money in politics. I will support all avenues of curtailing the use of special interest money, ESPECIALLY corporate and narrow interest money. Establishment of a standard format of submitting ADVOCACY PROPOSALS will ensure an even and fair access for legitimate advocacy efforts.


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 23

Tim Canova

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will introduce and co-sponsor legislation to amend the Constitution, such as HJR 48. I will speak out for this amendment loudly and often.


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 23

Lyle Milstein

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will use my office if elected to Congress to seek a constitutional amendment to completely remove corporate money from being used in electing federal officeholders..hopefully the Supreme Court will revoke Citizens United v. FEC and get all private money out of the election process... this topic has to be raised in Congress as it has polluted the political process, I would seek a law being passed that would outlaw all contributions except for a $500 contribution per eligible voter with a public airway commitment as well of 300 hours of public airtime for candidates to advance their proposals.


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 25

Alina Valdes

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will work towards passing existing legislation or introducing new legislation which will nullify the Citizen's United ruling of SCOTUS in 2010. We need to remove money out of politics to make elections fair and impartial by having one vote per person again. Corporations are not people and are not entitled to vote with their money, which is not speech despite the ruling. We need transparency in government and that especially includes our elections. Ultimately, we will need to pass a Constitutional amendment to keep this issue from ever coming up with another administration or SCOTUS.


Florida: U.S. House of Representatives, District 27

David Adams

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I am self funded candidate. I have only used my personal savings and very little donations from friends and family. I have received some support from strangers that believe in me but nothing monetary. I was able to get my name on the ballot. I will use the office, if elected to show that not every politician can be bought and vote for laws to get money out of politics. It's not necessary.

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GEORGIA

Georgia: US House of Representatives, District 11

Don Wilson

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I look forward to Caucus on behalf of Congressional votes to repeal Citizens United, and other legislative agendas designed to stop voter engagement.

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HAWAII

Hawaii: U.S. House of Representatives

Colleen Hanabusa

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I have staunchly opposed the Citizens United decision since it was handed down by the Supreme Court. Transparency in our electoral process is of utmost importance to the integrity of our democracy and the Citizens United ruling has cast a dark cloud over the foundation of our democracy.

During two terms in Congress, I co-sponsored the Government by the People Act and the Disclose Act and I also support the Keeping Our Campaigns Honest Act, the Fair Elections Now Act, and the Democracy for All Amendment. I support campaign finance reform and voting rights and will continue to be an advocate for these issues if elected to Congress again.

I was a Clinton Delegate to the DNC Platform Committee in Orlando and during that process, I believe that my fellow delegates and I placed strong language in the platform calling for an end to Citizens United. I was proud to be a part of that process and I will continue to be an outspoken advocate to end Citizens United.


Hawaii: U.S. Senate

Miles Shiratori

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I would use my public office by publicly speaking out against big money etc. and create a bill or legislation to stop unfair practices. We need to bring fairness back and restoring our ability to stop all types of big money from influencing our government. We need to give power back to the people so their voices can be heard and fully participate in the process of voting. I would also try to overturn the 2010 Supreme Court's decision on Citizens United.


Hawaii: U.S. Senate

John Carroll

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Hawaii has been strangled by the Jones Act prohibitions on shipping. This Draconian law has been in existence since 1920. Commencing in 1959 with Statehood, congressional members have been heavily funded by major companies to ensure no repeal. I will do my best to change that.


Hawaii: U.S. Senate

Arturo Reyes

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Never fool around with our U.S. Constitution that works for over 40 years.

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ILLINOIS

Illinois: State Senate, District 4 (Senate District Majority Leader)

Kimberly Lightford

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

By advocating in need of a constitutional convention to amend the U.S. Constitution to address the Citizens United decision and by sponsoring legislation to ensure everyone is able to take part in their right to vote and continue to improve our disclosure laws to ensure proper transparency during elections.

llinois: State House, District 8

La Shawn Ford

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will work with the Move to Amend team and host town hall meetings.

Illinois: U.S. House of Representatives, District 9

Jan Schakowsky

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Illinois: U.S. House of Representatives, District 10

Brad Schneider

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

In office, I will be an outspoken advocate for overturning the Supreme Court’s Citizens United decision and will support all efforts, including a constitutional amendment, to do just that.

I will also support campaign finance reform legislation to end the secret, unaccountable money that the Citizens United decision unleashed, make our electoral system more transparent, and return political power to the people. This includes requiring outside groups that are spending politically to disclose their donors and closing loopholes that allow organizations and individuals to hide their spending on elections by shuffling money between different entities.

What is your position on the 2010 Supreme Court’s Citizens United Decision? (250 words max)

The Supreme Court’s ruling on Citizens United is one of the worst decisions in our nation’s history and its ramifications for our democracy are profound. By enabling unlimited and undisclosed campaign contributions from corporations and billionaires, Citizens United allows the powerful to drown out the voices of everyday American voters. I look forward to the day when Citizens United is overturned, and I believe that future students will someday learn about this decision alongside other historic errors in judgement by the Supreme Court, such as Dred Scott v. Sanford and Bowers v. Hardwick.

That is why I strongly support reversing the Citizens United decision through a constitutional amendment as one of the most important steps to ending the corrupting influence of corporate special interests on Washington. We cannot let the biggest corporations or the wealthiest Americans decide who represents us.


Illinois: U.S. House of Representatives, District 12

Paula Bradshaw

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I am a strong advocate for greater transparency; for state level issues to define corporate powers regarding political action.


Illinois: U.S. House of Representatives, District 12

CJ Baricevic

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Illinois: U.S. House of Representatives, District 13

David Gill

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

We do not accept big money-corporate donors. We will support any effort to reverse the Citizens United decision.


Illinois: U.S. House of Representatives, District 13

Mark Wicklund

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will make sure that the language is strong enough to not be over turned, and push the media to keep this in the forefront.


Illinois: U.S. House of Representatives, District 14

Jim Walz

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

We are a government made up of, by, and for the people, not wealthy individuals and corporations. I will sponsor (co-sponsor) any legislation that requires wealthy individuals and corporations who make large contributions to disclose where their money is going. And, there is an absolute necessity to move toward the public financing of elections. It is not enough to address campaign finance reform. We need to allow for automatic voter registration and end gerrymandering. Politicians should not be able to select their constituents. Constituents should select their representative.

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INDIANA

Indiana: U.S. House of Representatives, District 08

Andrew Horning

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I'm certainly behind you in spirit. I'm all for a constitutional clarification that only humans get human rights. I absolutely agree that corporate lobbying and funding isn't speech. I'd certainly like to see campaigns running on something more than just marketing. But you're asking me to pledge to an amendment that I've not even seen, and that'd be a foolish, irresponsible thing for me to do. If you read anything from my websites or blogs you'd see I'm more about fighting corruption than I'm about my ideology. Please give candidates some options other than approving wide-ranging, nonspecific statements, and I'd be happy to try this again.


Indiana: U.S. House of Representatives, District 09

Russell Brooksbank

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I agree with the first part of your pledge. I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights. I agree that since corporations are created by government then they only have those privileges granted to them by the government and have zero inherent or inalienable rights. I would be willing to sponsor/cosponsor legislation that would clarify the difference between a government construct and a natural person.

I disagree though that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation. Donating money to a cause, any cause, is a form of free speech. You are making a statement that you support that cause. I would be willing to regulate it in one aspect. I would vote to ensure full disclosure of who has donated to whom and how much.

I believe that this issue will not be truly addressed until we remove the amount of influence government has over our lives. As long as there is influence to be bought, people will line up outside the door of Congressmen in order to buy it. I will use my office to fight for the reduction of government's influence over our lives. When we do that then the people seeking to buy influence will spend their money elsewhere.


Indiana: U.S. House of Representatives, District 09

Shelli Yoder

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Citizens United and similar campaign finance regulations allow corporations and millionaires to wield a disproportionate influence over our political process. I will support any legislation that works to chip away at the undue influence of moneyed interests in politics, including a Constitutional amendment.

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IOWA

Iowa: U.S. House of Representatives, District 4

Kim Weaver

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

As a non-traditional candidate who is still working full-time while running for office, I have seen first hand how difficult it is to raise money to support a functional campaign. I believe that a representative democracy needs to truly represent ALL people. We can't do this if the only people who can viably run for office are people with the financial means to quit working. During my campaign I have worked to educate people on the impact of big money and how running for office seems to be more about how much money you can raise instead of the quality of leader you can be. When elected, I will continue to educate people and will fight to make sure that, as an elected official, the majority of my time will be spent representing people rather than fundraising.

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KANSAS

Kansas: U.S. House of Representatives

Britani Potter

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

When elected I will make decisions that are in the best interest of the people I serve. I will fight for policies that protect the rights and interests of people. I will work to restore the government to the people it serves. I will support and introduce legislation that protects the democratic process and that removes big money and corporate control from the political process. I stand by the fact the businesses are not people and do not have the constitutional rights of individuals and I believe that every voice should be heard equally, not just the voices of the wealthy.

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KENTUCKY

Kentucky: U.S. House of Representatives, District 1

Terry McIntosh

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

To be determined and includes review of local, state, and federal laws.


Kentucky: U.S. House of Representatives, District 6

Nancy Jo Kemper

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Not Specified

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Not Specified

Statement:
While I agree that the Citizens United decision was wrongly decided, I am not convinced
that the best recourse to counter its dangerous provisions is a Constitutional amendment
removing corporations from all Constitutional protections. The answer to an overly broad
ruling by the Supreme Court is not an overly broad Constitutional amendment. While I
would not oppose a constitutional amendment, and would even vote for it if it were on
the table, I would be hard pressed to dedicate much time and energy to making it happen.
I’m concerned that devoting resources to a proposed solution that is in fact so difficult to
achieve (ie: amending the Constitution) weakens our efforts toward real and possible
reforms that are needed now, such as strengthening disclosure rules, revisiting reasonable
campaign finance regulations and promoting anti-corruption measures directed at
corporate expenditures in electioneering. Finally, the most expeditious and likely method
to accomplish a reversal of Citizens United is to elect a President who will make judicial
appointments to the Supreme Court and other federal courts who recognize that
uncorrupted elections justify reasonable regulation of corporate speech.

Kentucky: U.S. Senate

Billy Wilson

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Submit legislation to terminate the private ownership of the Federal Reserve System; our nation's Central Bank.


Kentucky: U.S. Senate

Jim Gray

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

We must protect our country from the threat of unlimited, unaccountable corporate money in our political system. I will be a vocal advocate for a Constitutional Amendment to reverse Citizens United and work to create tougher campaign finance laws that increase transparency and accountability.

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LOUISIANA

Louisiana: US House of Representatives, District 1

Chuemai Yang

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I am against the Citizens United ruling and will introduce legislation to the United States Congress AND advocate to all the states to support a constitutional amendment that clearly states that spending money is not free speech, that corporations are not people, and that there should be a separation between corporation and state. I support the ban of super PACs and make the candidate responsible for all things said in a campaign. I support publically financed elections. Therefore I support federal legislation for all states to have an election tax set by the state. Because my proposed legislation would have public money financing campaigns, I support a strict cap to spending on elections. With respect to non legislative efforts, I am not taking any donations from big corporations thus I will not be wasting my time in meetings with lobbyists to beg them for money. I will put to use my time in schools and other venues to educate the citizens of the importance of grass roots efforts and how big money in politics has taken away our democracy.


Louisiana: US House of Representatives, District 1

Lee Dugas

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

First & foremost is repairing Section 5 of VRA, to simply state the following; "All States & Territories Must get prior Approval from DOJ vetted Independent Organizations, before changing any Voting Laws"

Part: 2: Submit Resolution to the Constitution making Voting a Constitutional Right, Since it isn't written in it, So it needs to be Stated..

Part:3:Submit a resolution stating that Primaries Must Be Open to make sure that Every American can exercise their Constitutional Rights to Vote & That All States Must Acknowledge All Parties.

As for Citizens United, I will submit & support a Constitutional Amendment, that Corporations nor Money is a person or speech. I will also fight to Stop any Amendment that would take away, or reduce any Civil or Constitutional Rights from any one based on race, religion, sex, sexual orientation, or Party.


Louisiana: US House of Representatives, District 1

Howard Kearney

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

First, I will seek to end the Federal Reserve. Second, I will seek to repeal any laws that allow corporations special standing as a citizen. Third, seek laws to eliminate non-liability provisions in the definition of a Corporation. It is my belief that every share-holder of a corporation should be held liable for the corporations' own acts up to their investment.


Louisiana: US House of Representatives, District 1

Danil Faust

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I am appalled at the way corporate interests have rewritten the legal framework of the United States Constitution to allow them preferential treatment and powers over the individual citizens of this country. This is especially true in Louisiana. Too long have we seen a political system where only those who sell out to a corporation have the ability to attain office. One of my first acts will be to team together with the other new members of Congress to provide restrictions for the length of time that an individual is able to serve in office and to provide limits on how much a corporation can contribute to a candidate through Political Action Committees and other foundational giving.
For example, an individual is limited to a total contribution amount of $2,700 per candidate, both before and after the primary. However, a corporation has several alternate methods available to it. There is the straight donation as the corporation and then the employees may donate. Additionally, the corporation has the ability to form a 501©(4) organization which is not required the disclose individual contributions, merely the amount of the organizations total expenditures, and further donate. These loopholes must be closed. We must ferret out all backdoor options and shut these down immediately.
To see a clear example of this problem, look at my race. The incumbent has spent $2.3 million dollars on this campaign alone while no other challenger has spent in excess of $5,000. There is something clearly wrong with this.


Louisiana: US House of Representatives, District 3

Guy McLendon

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Corporations are creations of the state, and hence do not have the same natural rights as human beings. I concur with that statement. There are elements of the proposed amendment that I could support. However, multiple aspects of the proposed amendment are problematic, so I cannot support the draft amendment as it's current written.


Louisiana: US House of Representatives, District 3

Brian Barrilleaux

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I do not support any new laws, amendments or Supreme Court decisions regarding campaign finance reform. I believe that the position of the HJR 48 is misguided and should NOT be passed. I will use the people's office in the House of Representatives to end big money in politics by a completely different approach that is already provided for in the Constitution. Citizens can choose to not vote for candidates who accept money. This requires only good citizenship and attention to public affairs. It also requires alternative candidates who do not take the money. I am such a candidate. I was nominated to run for this office by petition signature of 1366 registered voters. I accept no campaign donations and spend no money on a campaign ( not mine or anyone else's), so that when I serve in congress, I will serve with no conflict of interest and no fundraising distraction from my duties. I invite voters to learn more about our campaign on our website, and invite voters to participate in this important cause for better representation and better government. This will only be achieved when the corruption of campaign donations is eliminated. This corruption can be easily eliminated in just one election! No Constitutional amendment is needed.


Louisiana: US House of Representatives, District 6

Richard Lieberman

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will introduce a Bill so Registered Lobbyist of campaign donors will not be allowed to be employed as staff of a member of Congress who received a donation from the Lobbyists employer.


Louisiana: U.S. Senate

Charles Marsala

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I appreciate your efforts and I think this cause needs to be expanded to include how Union Dues can be spent making endorsements of candidates. The cause seems to directed at stopping those who are small business and grow to large business form being able to use funds for their political message, while allowing unions to force members to pay into an account for political purposes.


Louisiana: U.S. Senate

Thomas Clements

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

When I win this election with no donations or contribution funds but my own, that itself would be the wake up call to America. And it happened as a human being not an entity.

What is Your Position on the 2010 Supreme Court's Citizens United Decision?

I always believed that it takes a real human person to make donations or contributions and should be the only free speech allowed person to person in an election.

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MAINE

Maine: U.S. House of Representatives, District 2

Emily Cain

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will support a constitutional amendment that undoes Citizens United and grants congress and the states power to regulate campaign finance. I also support legislation requiring dark money groups, such as 501(c)(4), to disclose their donors and spending when they engage in any political activity.



MARYLAND

Maryland: U.S. House of Representatives, District 2

C.A. Dutch Ruppersberger

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I cosponsor and support:
- Government By The People Act
- Disclose Act
- Fair Elections Now Act

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MASSACHUSETTS

Massachusetts: U.S. House of Representatives, District 6

Seth Moulton

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Congressman Moulton will support legislation to limit the influence of corporate money in politics as well as a constitutional amendment to overturn Citizens United.

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MICHIGAN

Michigan: Wayne State University Board of Governors

Margaret Guttshall

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

We need a mass movement for elections to belong to the working class, the middle class, the oppressed people, not the ruling class, the billionaires.


Michigan: Wayne State University Board of Governors

Fran Shor

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Educate the university community.


Michigan: Michigan Board of Education

Sherry A Wells

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

First, as a Green Party candidate, I do not take corporate donations or PAC money. Next, I will study proposals coming before the State Board of Education for the extent to which they will enrich corporations, as Common Core did and the testings does, and vehemently argue against those.


Michigan: Township Clerk, Newberg

Korie Blyveis

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No


Michigan: State House, District 63

John Anthony La Pietra

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will develop and sponsor legislation to solve the problems caused by the belief that corporations are persons with constitutional rights separate from those of the individuals involved in them. For example, if corporations were persons, then would it be constitutional for them to be enslaved -- owned -- "except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted"? If they started out as under parental guidance from stockholders, would they have to be emancipated at some point to live independent of those owners? And if a corporation were shorn of its owners, there would be nobody left to make up its body but its workers -- so would it naturally turn into a co-operative of some sort? These and other issues should be addressed.

I will develop and sponsor legislation to help actual individual political speech be heard above the volume of moneyed "speech". One broad area would involve encouraging open and inclusive public forums held by/at public and publicly-supported institutions. Another subject would be making it more practical for concerned citizens to petition for exercise the rights of initiative, referendum, and recall without needing big-money backing.

I am not going to accept any contribution of more than $100 -- or any money at all from any corporation or PAC.

I will also work with citizens' groups to develop and sponsor legislation to bring Michigan the public integrity and accountability reforms it needs so badly, as indicated by the state's F grade and last-place finish in the Center for Public Integrity study released last November.

These are all aspects of the overarching theme of my campaign -- that, to have government OF the people, we need government BY the people.


Michigan: State House, District 86

Cliff Yankovich

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

The most effective way possible - I never touch their money. As a Green Party candidate I cannot accept PAC or Corporate money of any kind. Not only does this allow me the freedom to vote the will of my constituents, it will allow me to be more productive when I am in office because I will not be spending time with lobbyists trying to influence my vote by wining and dining me or contributing to my campaign.


Michigan: State House, District 103

Robin Pillinger-Daniels

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

However it is necessary to end corruption. For my campaign we are asking for $1 donations or whatever people can afford and telling them not to feel obligated to send anything. I have not received any large donations to date. I have made it very clear I am not for sale and cannot be bought.


Michigan: U.S. House of Representatives, District 01

Jerry Cannon

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Fully supporting the effort to eliminate the corrupting and toxic effect of big money in our political process.


Michigan: U.S. House of Representatives, District 02

Matthew Brady

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will work incredibly hard to support legislation that addresses the root of our broken system. The big money corruption in our government is the primary reason we can not push forward the People's agenda efficiently. When people make statements to the effect of,"The government should do that, but they never will," that is because of big money corruption. We need to restore and reinforce our democracy and strive for a true government for and by the people. That's how real progressive change WILL happen! If I am not elected I will continue this struggle as a citizen.


Michigan: US House of Representatives, District 06

Bruce Davis

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will work for and support an Amendment to the Constitution to overturn Citizen's United.


Michigan: U.S. House of Representatives, District 08

Maria Green

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will take a public stance to end corporate personhood and will work with other legislators to impact an important amendment to stop corporate advancement. I believe that people should be regarded above profits.


Michigan: U.S. House of Representatives, District 11

Anil Kumar

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Our current campaign finance system is corrupt. Mega-donors, Super PACs, lobbyists and special interests buy political influence and it needs to change. I want to create a Constitutional Amendment to define money as property as opposed to speech. Every person in this great country is entitled to the right to free speech, the rich should not be given more speech than the poor.


Michigan: U.S. House of Representatives, District 12

Dylan Calewarts

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I would like to create a new federal statute defining what a corporate charter is. Before Citizens United and all these earlier Supreme Court decisions, businesses had to get a charter signed off by the government to operate. Businesses are organized BODIES of human, paperwork, and money so it is tempting to give them human rights. However, the actual humans working in the businesses have the Constitutional rights. We need to legally define what a corporate is so the distinction is clear between person and enterprise, in statute form, and enforce the HUMAN maximum contribution of $2700 individually.


Michigan: U.S. House of Representatives, District 12

Debbie Dingell

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

It is my hope that nominees to the Supreme Court in the near future will overturn Citizens United. In Congress, I will support legislation to limit the impact of Citizens United and to encourage a system of public financing at the federal level..

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MINNESOTA

Minnesota: Hennepin County Commissioner

Deborah Goettel

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 5B

Dennis Barsness

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

By speaking against corporate personhood and bringing awareness to a local written declaration of rights. By voting for amendments and introducing bills. I am a member of Move to Amend.


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 7A

Jennifer Schultz

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will introduce and support legislation for campaign finance reform in Minnesota and transparency of contributions to PACs and campaigns.


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 8B

Gail Kulp

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

The opportunity to pass resolutions, propose legislation and speak out about the need for this Amendment is one of the reasons I am running for office. I am eager to influence policies that will bar big money from individuals and corporations who seek to control government at all levels. It is critical to stop the excessive corporate spending on marketing to influence elections and benefit the candidates who will do their bidding at the expense of the common good of all the people.


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 14B

Zachary Dorholt

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

My race was the MOST expensive house race in Minnesota history two times in a row. In 2014 I lost by 69 votes. I chose to abide by Minnesota's spending limits, my opponent opted out and out-spent me 2-1. There was close to $1 million spent on this race in 2014, and 70% of it came from outside groups. The outside spending added to the cynicism and disenfranchisement of even more voters, and the turnout dropped by 57% compared to 2012.

The first bill I put my name on once elected, will be related to campaign finance reform, including language to support HJR 48 and pushing to amend our Constitution to firmly establish that money is not speech, and that human beings, not corporations, are persons entitled to constitutional rights.


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 15A

Kent Lestrud

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

By creating and promoting legislation.


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 15B

Karla Scapanski

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

As the wife of a dairy farmer and a child care provider I have followed the money and saw how it affects politics. I will use my public office to bring clarity to this issue by being honest and educating my constituents on the impact of corporate money.

The first bill I put my name on once elected, will be related to campaign finance reform, including language to support HJR 48 and pushing to amend our Constitution to firmly establish that money is not speech, and that human beings, not corporations, are persons entitled to constitutional rights.


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 19A

Clark Johnson

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I voted against the bill that increased spending limits for Legislative races in the 2013-14 session of the Legislature. I will continue to oppose increasing those limits. I voted to reinstate the rebate for small contributors last year and, if re-elected, I will make it a priority to restore the rebate program. I support efforts to require the disclosure of big contributors to groups formed as a result of Citizens United. I consider this to be another priority in 2017. I will continue to support efforts to overturn Citizens United.


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 19B

Jack Considine

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Any way I can. A start in Minnesota would be to identify contributors of $5,000.00 or more to Super PAC operating within the state.


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 22B

Kirby Kruse

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will support efforts to stop unlimited corporate spending in politics.

 


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 26B

John Austinson

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

If elected, I will speak out against and advocate for change to corporate influence and 'dark money' in local politics. I am not for the 2010 Supreme Court's Citizen United Decision.


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 29B

Steve Kilburn

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will speak out where and when appropriate to remove big money from political decisions.


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 39B

Alan Kantrud

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

On a state-level there is little to be done other than advocate for the elimination of such funding and the court-created right to spend that way, but keeping the issue alive and highlighting its hostile takeover of the democratic people-centered political process is something we all can do.


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 41B

Mary Kunesh-Podein

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

This decision was a disaster for our democracy. I will support progressive reforms that establish a public financing system and constitutional amendments to overturn Citizens United. I will champion open and honest elections for maximum citizen participation in the political process.


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 42B

Jamie Becker-Finn

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will share my views with others. I will speak out and educate regarding this issue and how it is detrimental to a democracy *for the people.* I disagree with the 2010 Supreme Court's Citizens United Decision and share the concerns of Justice Stevens in his dissent, that the majority decision "threatens to undermine the integrity of elected institutions across the Nation."


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 50A

Linda Slocum

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 50B

Andrew Carlson

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 55B

Ceci Haakenson

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I would support, and if given the opportunity, would vote for a constitutional amendment to overturn Citizens United. I would support efforts to limit the ability of corporations and big donors to influence elections through Political Action Committees.

I believe the decision was a misguided interpretation of the first amendment protection of free speech. I don't believe that corporations should be treated as persons for this purpose. The best way to overturn this decision is to pass a consitutional amendment that removes the ability of corporations to influence elections. Campaign finance reform is crucial to mitigating corporate influence and partisan politics.


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 58B

Marla Vagts

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I would support state legislation to limit the money in state elections and support efforts for the same on a national level.


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 59B

Raymond Dehn

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

By proposing a resolution to congress to put forward an amendment to the states to end corporate personhood and recognize that money is not free speech. I also will continue to work with other state legislators across the country to move resolutions in their states.


Minnesota: State House of Representatives, District 64B

Dave Pinto

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I consider corporate constitutional rights and big-money influence to be quite damaging and dangerous for our democracy. I can see it at the Capitol and I can see it on the campaign trail. I’m committed to helping to end it. That certainly means advocating for an amendment to end Citizens United and the set of legal principles – fundamentally, that freedom of speech means freedom to spend – that surround it. It also means advocating in the meantime for legislation that protects the rights of individual citizens to participate in democracy as much as possible. A fundamental component is disclosure – simply allowing citizens at least to know how much is being raised and spent in elections. This legislative session, for example, I was a coauthor of the DISCLOSE Act, a state constitutional amendment which would require the disclosure of independent campaign expenditures. I will continue to push hard for disclosure, for limits on spending, and for public financing, among other reforms, even while moving toward a federal constitutional amendment that will allow citizens to regain control of our democracy.



Minnesota: State Senate, District 4

James Leiman

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I believe that big money has no place in politics. At this time, I am being attacked by groups whom I have never met and they issue false statements that are completely contrary to my positions on issues. As such, I hope to mitigate this activity in the future for all candidates as these groups are distorting the democratic process.


Minnesota: State Senate, District 7

Erik Simonson

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I believe it is important to use opportunities wisely to bring attention to the fact that large, dark money is controlling politics. The more of us who talk about it, the more it becomes a general topic of public discussion. I will not, and have not, shied away form this issue!


Minnesota: State Senate, District 8

Shawn Olson

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I'll believe corporations are people when Texas executes one. Big money is hijacking our democracy. It puts power into the hands of the rich and powerful, robbing the voice of ordinary citizens. We must do everything in our power to put a stake in the heart of oligarchy so that the freedom of democracy can once again thrive. My campaign has a laser focus on this. You have a friend in Shawn Olson.


Minnesota: State Senate, District 13

Michael Willemson

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Propose legislation for publicly funded elections.


Minnesota: State Senate, District 14

Steven Zilberg

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Last night I watched a great documentary. It was done by Alexandra Pelosi. She talked about how mega-donors are literally 'buying' elections in hopes that they receive special treatment. This is not right and a disgrace to democracy. If I elected, I will fight for justice and pass legislation that makes this illegal and if caught the individual will go to jail.


Minnesota: State Senate, District 20

Kevin Dahle

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I generally speak out against the amount of dark money in politics, at both federal and state levels. I would support any legislation or resolutions to Congress to overturn Citizens United and support candidates who do the same.


Minnesota: State Senate, District 22

Brian Abrahamson

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Throughout my whole campaign I have told people that I am for the people. I will always be for the people. I am running against a state senator that is bought by lobbyists and the Koch brothers. I will not take money from lobbyists, so I will always answer to the people.


Minnesota: State Senate, District 35

Roger Johnson

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

The initial thrust for seeking the change we all desire rests with Congress and our Congressional Delegation, including our US Senators. I know most of those office-holders, and to the extent that I am able to speak to them and contact them about the need to end corporate constitutional rights and getting big money out of politics, I will do so, whether as an elected state senator or as a private citizen. Of course, the country will need to elect a solid majority of federal office-holders in order to even get the words to such an amendment to the Constitution approved for distribution to the state legislatures for ultimate approval, assuming we can get enough states to ratify such an amendment. It will be a long and arduous process, but one in which we true believers must engage. Our conservative friends in general benefit immensely from big corporate donations to their campaigns. So they are far less likely to support our cause. That's the "rub" in all this.


Minnesota: State Senate, District SD 43

Chris Bellflower

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

The Constitution of the United States protects and serves the PEOPLE, not businesses and corporations. I will use my position to work on building incentives to hire, and to bring business into the State. Corporate money buys people to to their bidding, which is not in the best interest of the people. This will stop. We start that here in Minnesota and I will take the lead on that.


Minnesota: State Senate, District SD 45

Ann Rest

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No


Minnesota: State Senate, District 48

Steve Cwodskinski

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

As a teacher of American Government for over 30 years, I was appalled by Citizen's United. It changed the Preamble's opening from "We the People" to something else altogether. I will use my position to speak out against this Supreme Court decision, encouraging a Constitutional Amendment. The wisdom I have gained running for State Senate has proved invaluable towards my position on Citizens United. Voters need to know who is trying to influence their vote.


Minnesota: State Senate, District 60

Marty Super

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will support legislation to overturn citizens united.


Minnesota: State Senate, District 66

John Marty

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I am proud to be the author of SF 2404, the Move to Amend legislation in Minnesota, memorializing Congress to clarify that the rights protected under the Constitution are the rights of people, not corporations, and that money is not free speech.

We will continue pushing that legislation in the next session, and will also work for improving Minnesota's clean campaign reforms, such as the rebate for small contributors, and significantly increasing public disclosure.

November 8th is supposed to be an election, not an auction. We need to reverse Citizens' United and all of the court rulings that put money and corporate power over people and the public will.


Minnesota: State Senate, District 67

Foung Hawj

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will use my office to speak out against special rights for corporation whenever and where I can.

I believe the 2010 Citizens United vs FEC decision does not reflect accurately the U.S. Constitution and should be overturned as less partisan court will do so. I certainly will lend my voice to make that happen.


Minnesota: U.S. House of Representatives, District 2

Paula Overby

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I am an advocate for the people, the citizens of my district. My campaign is focused on reforming our political process and restoring citizen access to our government. I will advocate for an amendment to end corporate person-hood. That is of course a long term goal and I will also continue to fight for fair voting practices and open public forums. Transparency and accountability in Government is essential to representative government. My number one priority is to take the money out of politics. I have emphasized that position during this campaign in a letter to the FEC supporting a request to challenge the decision of the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals in Speechnow.org vs FEC. This decision greatly expanded the impact of Citizens United by allowing “dark Money” in campaigns through indirect spending.


Minnesota: U.S. House of Representatives, District 4

Nikolay Bey

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

By putting together a business model, which will out line the basis of the situation, having media stand behind me, so that there is as little as cost to promote this as possible to the public eye, use social media to make statements of such to why I am making this happen, and why it should be supported, then having the House people who vote on such rules, and laws understand that media, and people are for this change, so majority can vote, to pass.


Minnesota: U.S. House of Representatives, District 5

Frank Drake

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will not not and I have not taken money from lobbyist. I will only serve two terms, this is my pledge.


Minnesota: U.S. House of Representatives, District 8

Rick Nolan

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

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MISSISSIPPI

 

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MISSOURI

Missouri: Lieutenant Governor

Winston Apple

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Encouraging members of Congress to introduce the amendment, supporting those who support the amendment, and encouraging volunteers to work for those who support the amendment.


Missouri: U.S. House of Representatives, District 4

Gordon Christensen

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

"I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment." (SCHOOL BOARD OFFICES)

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will work with all organizations and persons who are working to end corporate rights and who are working to take big money out of politics.


Missouri: U.S. Senate

Chief Wana Dubie

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

"I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by publicly speaking out and educating about the need for this Amendment." (SCHOOL BOARD OFFICES)

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

By example. I accepted no donations for my campaign -- I spend $1,000 of my own money and god 30,344 votes (10 percent of the vote, third of 4 places).

What is Your Position on the 2010 Supreme Court's Citizens United Decision?

In one word, "treason."

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MONTANA

 

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NEBRASKA

 

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NEVADA

Nevada: U.S. House of Representatives, District 02

Chip Evans

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

1) I will support, and lead if needed, legislation to re-institute campaign finance reform measures that meet judicial muster.

2) I will support, and lead if needed, legislation to declare corporations are not people and money is not speech.

3) I will support, and lead if needed, legislation calling for a Constitutional Amendment to overturn Citizen's United.

4) I will do all I can to identify and support Supreme Court nominees who oppose Citizen's United.

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NEW HAMPSHIRE

New Hampshire: U.S. House of Representatives, District 1

Carol Shea-Porter

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I stand for clean, transparent campaign financing and practice campaign finance reform myself. I do not accept corporate PAC contributions to my campaigns, and never have. My record as a Member of Congress is stellar on this issue. I cosponsored the Fair Elections Now Act, which would implement public financing of elections for those candidates who can gather enough voter support—to give the people the same voice in choosing a candidate as the wealthy and powerful. Members of Congress could then do their jobs, instead of constantly dialing for dollars. I also cosponsored and voted for the DISCLOSE Act, which would have toughened disclosure rules to require transparency in funding election activity. It also banned foreign-controlled corporations from putting money in US elections. I cosponsored the Voter Empowerment Act of 2013 and support universal voter registration and oppose all barriers to universal registration. Finally, Congress must be able to regulate corporate donations to candidates, and spending and political advertising in elections. I cosponsored H.J. Res 119, Proposing an amendment to the US Constitution, which authorizes Congress and the states to set reasonable limits on the raising and spending of money by candidates and others to influence elections, grants Congress and the states the power to implement and enforce this amendment by appropriate legislation, and allows them to distinguish between natural persons and corporations or other artificial entities created by law, including by prohibiting such entities from spending money to influence elections.

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NEW JERSEY

New Jersey: U.S. House of Representatives, District 06

Rajit Malliah

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will advocate to end corporate personhood.


New Jersey: U.S. House of Representatives, District 07

Peter Jacob

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Firstly, my campaign is 100% funded from small donations and small donors. I do not believe that a representative can truly represent his/her constituents if he/she relies on big money donors to make his/her election possible. I will use the office of U.S. Representative as a platform to bring further attention to the cancer of corporate constitutional rights and the legal corruption of our electoral and legislative processes. I also am in firm support of and have pledged to be the first Congressman to propose the American Anti Corruption Act on the floor of the U.S. House of Representatives to criminalize the corruption that has taken over the halls of the Capitol, and return the power over government to we, the people. Ending corporate personhood and excising big money from our political system are the issues to end all other issues. It is my firm belief that there is not a single other major issue facing our country or our world today that will be able to be solved until we declare once and for all that corporations do not have the same rights as people, and the spending of money is not a protected right under the Constitution.


New Jersey: U.S. House of Representatives, District 12

Bonnie Watson Coleman

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

There is no greater threat to our democracy than the recent Supreme Court ruling that allow unlimited contributions from undisclosed sources. That is why I cosponsored both the "Government by the People Act" and the "Disclose Act." Additionally, I will be supporting the "Keeping our Campaigns Honest (KOCH) Act" and "Democracy for All" Act.

In the House, I also voted YES on an amendment (H.Amdt.1268) to the FY17 Financial Services Appropriations Bill (H.R. 5485) and voted YES on a Yarmuth amendment to H.R.2666 - No Rate Regulation of Broadband Internet Access Act to support the FCC in making the public file searchable.

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NEW MEXICO

New Mexico: U.S. House of Representatives, District 1

Michelle Lujan Grisham

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will continue to do everything I can to overturn the Supreme Court’s Citizens United decision and end big money in politics. In fact, I have personally sponsored legislation to eliminate secret, dark money spending in our elections. Unfortunately, the Citizens United Decision created a loophole in federal law which allowed social welfare non-profit organizations to spend much of their revenue on partisan campaign activities. Instead of focusing on their social welfare mission—like veterans assistance or early childhood education—these tax exempt groups have been inundating our elections with hundreds of millions of dollars of secret, dark money spending. I have sponsored legislation to prohibit social welfare groups from engaging in political campaign activity while hiding their donors.

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NEW YORK

New York: U.S. House of Representatives, District 3

Thomas Suozzi

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

The failure to reform campaign financing is one of the underlying causes of Washington's ongoing dysfunction. The flood of money infecting our political system is also one of the reasons I started the 'Fix Washington' ballot line in support of my candidacy and, to send a message to Congress, that everyday Americans are sick and tired of politics as usual. In Congress, I will work to reform campaign finance to help ensure elected officials are responsive to the needs of all of their constituents, not the corporations and dark money that have an outsized influenced in too many offices on Capitol Hill. This will go a long way to fixing the systemic problems in Washington that prevent Congress from addressing the issues of our time. I also believe that Citizens United was wrongly decided and has had a disastrous impact on the political discourse in this country. The decision has created an opening for the influx of unknown and unaccountable amounts of money, known as dark money. The decision has created a curtain for the wealthy and well connected to hide behind, while influencing public debate in furtherance of their special interests. The public needs to be able to easily decipher the source of funds advocating for a public policy position so they can make informed decisions. A Constitutional amendment or a Supreme Court decision is likely required to roll back the damage done by Citizens United, but in the meantime, we must enact policies that make the process more transparent.


New York: U.S. House of Representatives, District 20

Paul Tonko

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Government should be of the many, not of the money. I have and will continue the fight to end corporate personhood by working to pass the Democracy for All Amendment, which would reverse decisions like Citizens United v. FEC and McCutcheon v. FEC. Additionally, I expect Rep. Sarbanes will again introduce the Government By the People Act, which I look forward to cosponsoring and working to pass should it not in the 114th Congress.


New York: U.S. House of Representatives, District 26

Brian Higgins

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I have cosponsored constitutional amendments to overturn Buckley v. Valeo and Citizens United. In the meantime I am a cosponsor of the DISCLOSE Act, which would require transparency of political spending by corporations to shareholders and the public.


New York: U.S. House of Representatives, District 27

Diana Kastenbaum

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will support legislation to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics by sponsoring legislation or lending my name and support to bills that will help to end corporate influence and their monies spent on campaigns. I will also speak out and write about big money in politics and the need for campaign finance reform as well.


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NORTH CAROLINA

North Carolina: US House of Representatives, District 2

John McNeil

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I firmly believe that the influence of corporate funding and dark money has corrupted our political process and that our Nation and our citizens have suffered because of this. I support every effort to ensure transparency in donations. I support every effort to put voters first and remove the corrupting influence that money has on our Nation's political system. I support every effort to overturn Citizens United and to ensure that no further attempts to permit corporate purchase of Congress are possible. Additionally, we must tighten the fundraising rules and enforce the law when violations occur. Our political system should not continue to be purchased by the highest bidders, it should once again serve the citizens of the United States.


North Carolina: US House of Representatives, District 4

David Price

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I have been at the forefront of Democratic efforts to protect our electoral process. I am the House sponsor of the Democrats’ comprehensive campaign finance reform legislation, and I have authored legislation, the Empowering Citizens Act, which would modernize and refine the presidential campaign financing system, create a new small donor matching system for congressional campaigns, and establish clear rules on coordination between candidates and "Super PACs." These commonsense, concrete steps would diminish the influence of high-dollar special interests in our elections and encourage grassroots participation at all levels of politics. I am also the author of the "Stand By Your Ad" requirement, which requires candidates to appear in, and claim responsibility for, the content of their campaign ads. I recently reintroduced my “Stand By Every Ad” legislation, which would extend the original Stand By Your Ad requirement to Super PACs.

Campaign finance reform efforts have become all the more essential in the wake of the Supreme Court's deeply misguided Citizens United decision, which allowed wealthy individuals and corporations to pour money into our elections in North Carolina and around the country, and its McCutcheon decision, which has struck down aggregate contribution limits for individuals, thus opening the door for millionaires and billionaires to have even more influence in our democracy. I believe we are at a tipping point in the short history of campaign finance reform: We can either stand by the common-sense reforms enacted after the Watergate scandal, or we can cede control of political campaigns entirely to the wealthy and monied interests. The responsible choice is clear.


North Carolina: US House of Representatives, District 6

Pete Glidewell

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

We must overturn the Supreme Court decision concerning Citizens United. The role of big corporate money from non transparent sources has gotten out of hand and is muting the voices of the people in the middle class. We are losing our democracy.


North Carolina: US House of Representatives, District 10

Andy Millard

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will support all efforts to increase transparency in political fundraising and spending. I support public financing of campaigns. I strongly support the overturning of Citizens United.


North Carolina: US House of Representatives, District 11

Rick Bryson

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

By explaining to constituents how harmful this is to democracy.


North Carolina: US House of Representatives, District 13

Bruce Davis

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will use my office to work to appeal the 2009 Citizen's United Decision, which was one of the worst supreme court rulings of our time. I will work to put a stop to billionaires and corporations using money to influence and pull the strings of politician's got there own personal gain.

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OHIO

Ohio: State House, District 94

Eddie Smith

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Too many communities in Southeast Ohio are prohibited by state law from voting and banning nearby industrial practices which they believe pose serious environmental and public health hazards. As it stands, individual corporations have more rights in these areas than entire communities of people. This has got to change. I pledge to place democracy over corporations by changing these state laws and allowing communities to vote and prohibit industrial activities which they deem to be harmful or irresponsible.


Ohio: U.S. House of Representatives, District 7

Roy Rich

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I am publicly on record opposing the Citizens United decision. I will work to that end through the legislative process. Big money donations from corporations corrupts the process. Only a fool would believe that there is no quid pro quo expected for corporate campaign donations.
I often tell folks that I stand for the people, not corporations or the 1%. It is the US House of Representatives, nor US House of Corporations.
I don't take money from big business, super PACS, or big banks.
And finally, as a matter of policy, I don't sign pledges. The only pledge I make is the Oath of Office. That being said, my position on this issue is clear.
So, while this is not a "pledge" , it is a policy position that I feel very strongly about. We need to get corporate money out of politics.


Ohio: U.S. House of Representatives, District 12

Joe Manchik

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will introduce legislation in the United States House of Representatives, and also simultaneously with my colleagues in the U.S. Senate, that will result in an Amendment to the Constitution of the United States that will reverse the Supreme Court's disastrous 2010 decision on Citizens United. This will include the elimination of corporate personhood that Citizens United brought to bear upon the people of the United States. Corporations are NOT people, therefore businesses and corporations should not have the same rights and privileges as human beings.


Ohio: U.S. House of Representatives, District 12

Ed Alberston

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

As a Congressman, my top priority will be to return our government to the people by a combination of (1) passing a constitutional amendment to overturn Citizens United, (2) ending gerrymandering by taking redistricting out of the hands of politicians, (3) implementing national voter standards, and (4) making auto- matic voter registration a federal policy. I do not make pledges other than The Pledge of Allegiance and an oath of office, however.


Ohio: U.S. House of Representatives, District 13

Richard Morckel

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will and do advocate for the criminalization of corporate and sports league coercion of elected office holders and state governments, exampled by action against Georgia and North Carolina.


Ohio: U.S. House of Representatives, District 15

Dennis Lambert

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will introduce and co-sponsor legislation to amend the Constitution, such as HJR 48. I will speak out for this amendment loudly and often.

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OKLAHOMA

Oklahoma: U.S. House of Representatives, District 5

Zachary Knight

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: No

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: No

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I don't support this amendment. However, I will work to end cronyism in policy and regulation creation that promotes the interests of certain businesses at the expense of their competition. I will also work toward a tax code free from cronyism.

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OREGON

 

Oregon: State Senate, District 21

James Ofsink

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

The only way to truly "end" corporate constitutional rights is through a constitutional amendment (or massive reinterpretation by the Supreme Court). I will do whatever I can to help see this to fruition. I also think there are things we can be doing in Oregon short of "ending" constitutional rights that would go a long way towards reducing the undue influence of big money in our political system. 

Click here to watch Ofsink's video about Big Money in politics.


Oregon: State House, District 32

Zachary Seidel

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Oregon District 32 representative has the power to sponsor and through committee drafts, ratify and propose acts, administrative rules. It is demographically a 3 party state with the emergence of the independent primary. I expect several will be willing to meet and sponsor a bill, or constitutional amendment.  Personally, I will continue to speak out against fictitious and artificial rights without responsibilities. A person is bound by suffering, corporations are empowered by it.


Oregon: U.S. House of Representatives, District 2

James Crary

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Here is the Campaign Finance Reform Constitutional Amendment that I will push for.

Notwithstanding anything else in this Constitution to the contrary, only a natural born or naturalized United States citizen who is at least 16 years of age and who resides in the voting district where the election or vote will take place may provide either financial or non-financial support or opposition to a federal, state or local candidate or ballot issue.

In the first year that this Amendment takes effect, the maximum financial contribution that a citizen can make to any candidate or issue is $2,600 in the primary election and $2,600 in the general election. Thereafter, those amounts will be annually increased/decreased by the rate of inflation/deflation.

All financial contributions must be made from the contributor’s own funds. No money, the source or amount of which is other than as allowed by this Amendment may be used or spent to influence the outcome of an election or a vote.

All contributions must be publicly disclosed, by the recipient, within ten days of their receipt.
Nothing in this Amendment shall be construed to restrict or abridge the freedom of the press. Nothing in this Amendment shall be construed to restrict or abridge the Congress or the individual states from publicly funding elections.

Congress shall have the power to enforce this Article through appropriate legislation.

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PENNSYLVANIA

Pennsylvania: State House of Representatives, District 29

Larry Mullins

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Public Office provides a platform which frequently puts the office holder in a position to be heard. I will speak out. Public office provides opportunities to initiate legislation, co-sponsor legislation, fight for bills, organize support for legislation that initiates amendments, reform. I will fight for appropriate legislation enabling this initiative. Public office provides the o to be of one voice in promoting this work. II opportunity to organize constituents to support this work. I will seek their consensus and organize support.


Pennsylvania: U.S. House of Representatives, District 8

Steve Santarsiero

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

In the Pennsylvania state legislature I wrote the resolution calling for a Constitutional Convention for states to initiate the process of amending the Constitution to overturn the Citizens United decision. In Congress I will continue to advocate for campaign finance reform, including strict limits on campaign contributions and spending. I will continue to support a Constitutional amendment to overturn the Citizens United decision and work with allies in both parties to alleviate the corrosive nature of money in politics.

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RHODE ISLAND

Rhode Island: US House of Representatives, District 2

Salvatore Ciaozzo

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Quite simply I refuse to recognize corporations as individuals, in fact I refuse to accept donations from such entities. The reason that I have left political parties is to better serve the people, so with this I will introduce legislation that puts we the people first.

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SOUTH CAROLINA

 

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SOUTH DAKOTA

 

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TENNESSEE

Tennessee: US House of Representatives, District 2

Stuart Starr

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes


Tennessee: US House of Representatives, District 4

Steven Reynolds

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will use my campaign as an example of how a candidate can get elected without compromising to the special interest. I will support all bills that call for campaign finance reform.


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TEXAS

Texas: State Senate, District 92

Travis Christal

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Call for a constitutional convention of the states to pass the 28th amendment: corporations do not have rights and money is not speech.


Texas: U.S. House of Representatives, District 24

Kevin McCormick

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I support removing corporate influence from electoral politics.


Texas: U.S. House of Representatives, District 24

Jan McDowell

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

As stated in Question 2, I will use my office by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.


Texas: U.S. House of Representatives, District 29

Gene Green

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Oppose Citizens United decision


Texas: U.S. House of Representatives, District 31

Mike Clark

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Strengthening and enforcing the rules and regulations governing campaign fiance laws is a must! Agencies that carry out these laws must be fully funded and properly staffed. Unless a new Supreme Court overturns it's previous decision on Citizens United, then the House Joint Resolution 48 must be passed.

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UTAH

 

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VERMONT

 

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VIRGINIA

Virginia: US House of Representatives, District 01

Matt Rowe

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

We first need legislation to require outside groups to publicly disclose political spending. This will help eliminate the threat of “dark money” and its influence. Next, we need to require publicly traded companies to disclose political spending to shareholders. Companies are ultimately controlled by shareholders, and those shareholders need all of the information they can get when they evaluate how the management is doing and if their actions are in the best interest of the company. In addition, I would support a constitutional amendment to overturn the Citizens United decision. It is hurting our democracy, and it must be overturned.


Virginia: US House of Representatives, District 05

Jane Dittmar

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will work to pass legislation that contradicts the Citizen's United ruling with the intent of having it return to the Supreme Court. With a re-constituted Court, we have a good chance of overturning this decision. We can do this in parallel with working toward a Constitutional amendment.

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WASHINGTON

Washington: State House of Representatives, District 6

Shar Lichty

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

"I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will sponsor and work on existing bills that bring transparency to elections and end corporate tax loopholes. I would also sponsor and work on any new bills that addressed the need for publicly financed campaigns and other campaign finance reform. I support Washington's current Initiative 735 and endorsed it during the signature collection phase.


Washington: State House, District 9a

Jennifer Goulet

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

"I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will be a vocal proponent of the goals of Move to Amend and would support any state-level votes or Resolutions.


Washington: State Senate, District 16 LD

Gary Downing

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

"I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

In every way I can.


Washington: U.S. House of Representatives, District 07

Pramila Jayapal

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

Corporations and moneyed interests have enjoyed far too much privilege in our political system. I will stand firm in my belief that our political system should not be governed by a handful of wealthy individuals and corporations. I will take every opportunity to sign onto or introduce legislation like HJR 48 that will deconstruct this system that oppresses the voices of the People.


Washington: U.S. Senate

Phillip Cornell

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will introduce a resolution in support of the Constitutional amendment and when it comes up for a vote in the Senate, I will vote to amend. The scourge of corporate influence in our political system must come to an end.

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WEST VIRGINIA

 

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WISCONSIN

Wisconsin: U.S. House of Representatives, District 3

Myron Buchholz

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will join the Progressive Caucus and do whatever I can to defeat one of the worst Supreme Court decisions in US History.


Wisconsin: U.S. House of Representatives, District 5

Khary Penebaker

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will vote for HJR 48 or the equivalent Resolution in the next Congress.


Wisconsin: U.S. House of Representatives, District 6

Sarah Lloyd

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

The powerful and wealthy special interests have stolen our democracy and rigged our economy. I will continue to be, as I have been, a vocal supporter of this amendment. I will fight to close tax loopholes and make the ultra- wealthy and large corporations pay their fair share in taxes. As representative of this district I will work for a government that works for all, not just those at the top.


Wisconsin: U.S. Senate

Phillip Anderson

"I support amending the U.S. Constitution to make clear that corporations and other artificial entities do not have Constitutional rights and that money is not speech and campaign spending should be limited through regulation."

RESPONSE: Yes

“I will use my office to support the Movement to Amend the Constitution by passing resolutions, proposing legislation, and publicly speaking out about the need for this Amendment.”

RESPONSE: Yes

How will you use your public office to end corporate constitutional rights and big money in politics?

I will introduce and support legislation that removes personal legal status from corporations. Corporations are not people, they do not have rights. Rights do not, cannot exist without responsibility for the exercise thereof: corporations are specifically formed to avoid personal responsibility. As a Libertarian, I'm a big fan of John Locke. But Locke's proviso holds that the right to homestead is necessarily limited if there is not as much, or not as good, left over for others. Corporations and special interests essentially diminish the ability of individuals to be heard in the 'public square', by buying up media time to exclusion of those with less resources. Therefore, money, as a relatively unevenly distributed resource, cannot be speech.

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WYOMING

 

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